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滿族服飾作文

范文一:滿族的服飾

金樽棋牌MANZUDEFUSHI PINGMINFUSHI NANZIQIZHUANG

金樽棋牌LISHISHANGMANZUNANZIDUOCHUANDAIMATIXIUDEPAOGUA, YAOSHUYIDAI,HUOCHUANCHANGPAOWAIZHAODUIJINMAGUA,XIAJITOUDAILIANGMAO,DONGJIDAIPIZHIMAHUMAO。YIFUXIYONGQING、LAN、ZONGDENGSEDEMIAN、SI、CHOU、DUANDENGGEZHONGZHIDIDEYILIAOZHIZUO,KUTUIZHAQINGSETUIDAI,JIAOCHUANMIANBUXUEHUOPIXUE,DONGJICHUANPIZHIWULA。

金樽棋牌QINGCHU,CHUANMAGUAJINXIANYUBAQISHIBING,ZHIKANGYONGNIANJIANMANZUNANZICHUANYONGMAGUADEXISUYISHENGXING,QINGNIANXIZHUMAGUAYISHIWUYONG。YIHOU,YOUYUQINGDITICHANGQISHE,JINGCHANGYIMAGUASHANGSICHENXIA,JINGCHENGWEIYIZHONG"LIFU"。HUANGDISHANGGEI"HUANGMAGUA"YECHENGWEIJIGAODERONGYU。 NVZIQIZHUANG

金樽棋牌NVZIXICHUANCHANGJIJIAOMIANDEQIZHUANG,HUOWAIZHAOKANJIAN。FUZHUANGDUOYONGGEZHONGSECAIHETUANDESICHOU、HUADUAN、LUOSHAHUO MIANMAYILIAOZHICHENG。YOUDEJIANGQIPAOMIANSHANGXIUCHENGYIZUTUAN,GENGDUOZAIYIJIN、XIUKOU、LINGKOU、XIABAICHUXIANGSHANGDUOCENGJINGXIDEHUABIAN。JIAOZHUBAIWA,CHUANHUAPENDIXIUHUAXIE,KUTUIZHAQING、HONG、FENHONGDENGGESETUIDAI。PANTOUCHI,SHULIANGBATOUHUOQIJI。XIHUANDAIERHUAN、SHOUZHUO、JIEZHI、TOUZAN、DARONGHUAHEBINHUADENGGEZHONGZHUANGSHIPIN。 MANZUNANNVDOUXIAIZAIYAOJIANHUOYIFUDEDAJINSHANGGUAPEISHI。NANZIYOUHUOLIAN、ERSHAO、YAQIAN、YANJINGHE、SHANDAI。NVZIYOUXIANGNANG、HEBAODENG。DADUOYONGCHOUDUANFENGZHI,HUASEPINZHONGFANDUO,ZHIZUOJINGMEI。

金樽棋牌ZAIQIPAOLINGKOU、YIJIN、XIUBIANDENGCHUYAOXIANGQIANJIDAOHUATIAOHUOCAIYAER,YOUDEHUANYAOXIANGSHANG18DAOYIBIAN,ZHEYANGFENGZHIDEQIPAOSHIZUIWANMEIDE。 XIEZITESE

MANZUFUNVBUCHANJIAO,SUOYOUXIEZIXIUYOUPIAOLIANGHUASHI,XIEDIZHONGYANGDIANYOU10GONGFENGAODEMUZHIXIEGEN,MANZUFUNVCHUANZHUZHEYANGDEXIEZOUQILULAI,KEBAOCHIANGSHOUTINGXIONGDESHENZIHEYAOZHIYAOYEDEBUTAI。MANZUFUNVDEFASHIBIANHUAHENDA,GUNIANGSHIDAI,ZHIJIANDANDIBATOU

FAZAINAOHOUWANYIXIA。CHANGDAOKUAICHUJIASHI,JIUYAOBATOUFASHUCHENGBIANZIBINGWANCHENGDANFAJI,JIEHUNHOUDEFASHIYOUSHUANGJISHI、DANJISHIDENGDUOZHONG,SHUANGJISHIFAXINGBATOUFACONGTOUDINGFENSHUWEIQIANHOULIANGBUFEN。QIANJISHUCHENGPINGDINGZHUANG,YI

BIANDAIGUAN,JINGHOUJISHUCHENGYANWEIZHUANG,ZAIJINGHOUSHENZHANKAILAI,TASHIDEJINGZIZONGYAOBAOCHITINGZHIDEZHUANGTAI,YINCI,MANZUFUNVZOUQILULAIJIUGENGXIANDEGAOGUI、ZUNYAN。 GUIZUFUSHI LIFU

QINGDAIHUANGDIDEFUZHUANGJIBENSHANGFENWEILIFU、JIFU、CHANGFU、XINGFU、 LIFUYUFUHEBIANFUJIDALEI。QIZHONGLIFUBAOKUOCHAOPAO、DUANZHAO(YIZHONGWAIGUA)HEGUNFU(JIKEYUCHAOPAOTAOCHUAN,YEKEYULONGPAOHECHANGFUPAOYIQICHUANDEYIFU);JIFUBAOKUOGUNFU、LONGPAO;CHANGFUZESHIJIEYULIFUHEBIANFUZHIJIANDEYIZHONGFUZHUANG;WAICHUHUODALIECHUANXINGFU,YUXUETIANCHUANYUFU。ANQINGCHAO《DAQINGHUIDIAN》GUIDING,HUANGDIDECHAOFUYIBAN"SEYONGMINGHUANG",HUANYONGYUYUDIANCHAOHEJIDITANJIDI、XIANNONGTANHEJITAIMIAODENGCHANGHE。ZHIYUQITAYANSECHAOFUDECHUANYONG,ZEZAIJITIANHETIANTANQIGUSHIYONGLANSE,RITANCHAORIYONGHONGSE,YUETANXIYUESHIYONGYUEBAISE,JIQIANSELAN。 JIFU

金樽棋牌JIFUZHUYAOYONGYUJIQINGJIERI、 YANYANYINGLUANDENGCHANGHE,ZHUANGSHIHUALI,YOUCHENGWEI"CAIFU"、"HUAYI"。 CHANGFU CHANGFUSHIZAIYIBANXINGZHENGSHICHANGHECHUANDEFUZHUANG。 GUASHIYUANLINGDUIJINCHANGGUA,CHUANZAIPAOWAI。YULIFUDEJIANXIUBUTONG,CHANGFUGUAWEIPINGXIU,ZUOYOUKAIXI,SHENCHANGDAOGU,YANSEDUOWEISHIQING,HUAWENYEWUTEBIEGUIDING。HOUFEICHANGFUYIPAOWEIZHU,WENSHIDUOYANG,YOULONGFENGCHENGXIANG、CAIFENGSHUANGFEI、DANFENGCHAOYANGHEBAIDIEDENGDENG。 BIANFU

金樽棋牌BIANPAOHUOSU,HUOANHUA,HUOZHIXIUGESHIHUAWEN,FENGFUDUOCAI。 KANJIANZHONGYIZHONGMINGWEIYIZIJIN,MANYUCHENGWEI"BATULU",JIYONGSHIDEYISI,CHAOTINGYAOGUANDUOCHUANCIKAN,YOUCHENG"JUNJIKAN",SUCHENG"SHISANTAIBAO",YINWEIZHEZHONGMAJIA,SIZHOUXIANGBIAN,ZAIZHENGXIONGDINGYIHENGPAINIUKOU,GONGSHISANLI。 MANZUFUSHITEDIAN QIRENZHIPAODETEZHENGZHIYISHIBUXIANLUXINGTI,TEBIESHIHOUQI,KUANDAPINGZHI,PAONEIZHUCHANGKU,YOUSHIPAOXIAKEYINYINLUCHUKUJIAO。QIYANBIANGUOCHENGKEFENWEILIANGGEJIEDUAN。DIYIJIEDUANDEQIPAOJIAOWEISHOUCHANGJINZHAI,XIUKOUYIXIAO,ZHUANGSHI

金樽棋牌JIANDAN,QIANHOUJINXIAFUJIZUOYOUSIMIANKAICHA,YUANYINSHIQIRENZHONGQISHE,SUOZHUZHIPAOYAOYUSHENGHUOFANGSHIXIANGSHIYING。DIERJIEDUANDEQIPAOBIANDEKUANFEI,PAOSHENJINQIANHOULIANGMIANKAICHA,SHENZHIZHIKAONIANJINCHUKAIYITIAOFENG,JIAOZUO“YIGUOYUAN”HUO“XIAOPAO”,ZHUANGSHIQUEFANRUDAOLEJIDIAN,ZHEZHUYAOSHIYOUYUTIANXIACHENGPING,QIRENSHENGHUOANDING,QUYUSHECHI,YIJISHOUHANZUFUSHIWENHUADEYINGXIANGSUOZHI。

QITEZHENGZHIERSHIQIPAOMIANLIAOHOUZHONG,DUOTIHUA,ZHUANGSHIFANSUO。DUIZHUANGSHIXIJIEDEGUOFENZHUIQIU,FANYINGLEQINGDAIMOQIFENGJIANTONGZHIZHEBINGTAIDEJIANSHANGSHUIPING。QINGDAIZHIWUWENYANGDUOYIXIESHENGSHOUFAWEIZHU,LONGSHIQILINBAISHOU、FENGHUANGXIANHEBAINIAO、MEILANZHUJUBAIHUA,YIJIBABAO、BAXIAN、FULUSHOUXIDENGDOUSHICHANGYONGTICAI,SECAIXIANYANFUZA,DUIBIDUGAO,TUANXIANXIFANRU。CIWAI,QIPAODALIANGSHIYONGHUABIAN,CENGDADAOWUYIFUJIADEDIBU。HUABIANZUICHUDEZUOYONGSHIWEILEZENGJIAYIFUDELAODU,SHIYIFUJINGJIUNAICHUAN,SUOYIHUABIANDUOZHUIZAIYISUNBUWEI,RULINGKOU、XIUKOU、YIJINJIXIABAIDENGCHU,HOULAIJIANJIANCHENGWEI~ZHONGZHUANGSHIPIN,JIUERJIUZHI,YURANCHENGFENG。QINGDAI,HUABIANDEZHUANGSHIGONGNENGYUANYUANTIDAILEQISHIYONGGONGNENG。QINVDEPAOSUYOUYIDUOXIANGWEIMEI,DAOLEXIANFENG、TONGZHINIANJIANDADAODINGFENG,YOUSHIZHENGJIANYIFUQUANYONGHUABIANXIANGSHI,JIHUKANBUDAOYUANLAIDEYILIAO。

QITEZHENGZHISANSHIQIRENZHIPAODENGJIFENMING,ZHIDUHAOFAN,SHIYIZHONGDENGJISHENFENDEBIAOZHI。QINGDAIFUSHIDETIAOWENGUIZHANGDUOYUYIQIANRENHEYIDAI,DUIPINGUANGUANFUDESECAIZHIDI、DUOXIONGBUZI、CHAOZHUDENGJI、LINGZIYANSHU、DINGZICAILIAODOUYOUYANGEQUBIE。CIWAIHUANYOUQITAYIXIEFUSHIJINLI,RU:FANWUZHUALONGDUAN、LILONGDUANDENG,GUANMINJUNBUDEFUYONG,RUYOUTESIZHE,YIYINGTIAOQUYIZHUACHUANYONG;JUNMINDENGYILVBUDEYIMANGDUAN、ZHUANGDUAN、JINHUADUAN、PIANNA、WODUAN、DIAOPI、SHELISUNDENGWEIFUSHI;BAPINYIXIAGUANYUANBUDEFUHUANGSE、XIANGSE、MISEJIQIUXIANGSE;NUPU、LINGREN、ZAOLIBUXUCHUANHUASUGESELINGDUAN??,SUOYOUZHEXIESENYANDEFUSHIDENGJIZHIDUBUDEYUYUEBANBU,GENGZENGJIALEJIECENGZHIJIANDEBILEIZUOYONG。

CONGZHONGGUOFUZHUANGFAZHANSHILAIKAN,QINGCHAOFUSHIXINGZHISHIZUIWEIPANGZA、FANRU,TIAOWENGUIZHANGYEDUOYUYIQIANRENHEYIDAI。ZAIQINGZHENGFUGUIDINGDEFUZHIZHONG,JIBAOLIULEHANZUFUZHIZHONGDEMOUXIETEDIAN,YOUBUSHIBENMINZUDEXISULIYI,ZAIZHONGGUOMINZUFUSHIFAZHANDELISHICHANGHEZHONG,ZUIJUYOUMIN.ZUTEDIANHEMINZUSECAI。MANZUDEYIZHUFASHI,ZICHUANGSHIQI,JINGLILELIANGQIANDUONIANBIANQIAN,BUDANSHENKEYINGXIANGZHUZHONGGUOGEMINZUDEYIZHUCHUANDAI,ERQIEWEIZHONGGUOFUSHIDEXIANDAIHUADIANDINGLEJICHU。RUXIANDAISHENGHUOZHONGLIUXINGDE“ZHONGSHANZHUANG”SHICONGMAGUAGAIJINERLAI。ZAISHIJIEFUZHUANGJIEXIANGYOUSHENGMINGDEZHONGGUOQIPAO,YUANYUMANZUNVQIPAO。ERKANJIANZERENGSHIDANGJINZHONGGUOSHEHUILIUXINGDEFUZHUANG,MANZUDUIZHONGGUOMINZUFUZHUANGDEJUDAGONGXIANYONGYUANBIAOBINGSHICE。

范文二:滿族服飾文化的變遷_中_

DI11JUANDI5QI LIAODONGXUEYUANXUEBAO(SHEHUIKEXUEBAN) Vo.l11No.5 2009NIAN10YUE JournalofEasternLiaoningUniversity(SocialSciences) Oct.2009

(knx-soft.com)FUSHIWENHUAYANJIU(knx-soft.com)

MANZUFUSHIWENHUADEBIANQIAN(ZHONG)

CENG HUI

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(LIAODONGXUEYUANFUZHUANGYUFANGZHIXUEYUAN,LIAONINGDANDONG 118003)

金樽棋牌ZHAI YAO:ZAISHOUJIDALIANGLISHIWENXIANHEJINXINGGUANGFANTIANYEDIAOCHADEJICHUSHANG,YUNYONGLISHIWENXIANYANJIUFA、MINZUXUESHIDIDIAOCHAFA、DUOXUEKEZONGHEYANJIUFA,CONGMANZUXIANZUFUSHIDAOJINNVZHENFUSHI,CONGQINGDAIMANZUFUSHIZHIMINGUOFUSHIYIJIJINXIANDAIMANZUFUSHIDEFAZHANBIANQIANZUOYILISHIXINGDESHULIHEWENHUABIANQIANDEYANJIU;ZONGJIECHUMANZUFUSHIDEFASHENG、FAZHANYULIUBIANSHIJIANLIZAI?SHIYONGYUSHENMEIDEJIEHE#?FUHAOXIANGZHENGDETONGYI#?DUOYUANYITIYUWENHUAZIJUE#?JICHENGYUFAZHAN、CHUANGXINYURONGHE#ZHESIGEJUYOUGUILVXINGDELILUNPINGTAIZHISHANGDE。

GUANJIANCI:MANZU;FUSHI;WENHUABIANQIANZHONGTUFENLEIHAO:

J523.5 WENXIANBIAOZHIMA:A WENZHANGBIANHAO:

1672?8572(2009)05?0122?06

(SAN)PEISHI

PEISHISHIZHIPEIDAIZAIRENTIGEGEBUWEIDEZHUANGSHIPIN。TASUIBUSHIFUSHIDEZHUTI,YEBUYISHIYONGWEIMUDE,DANQUEWANGWANGSHIYIGEMINZU、YIGERENFUSHIDEJINGHUASUOZAI,SHIRENMENSHENMEIXINLI、JIAZHIGUANNIANZUIZHIJIE、ZUIZHONGYAODETIXIAN。YINWEITASUOYONGDECAILIAODUOSHIRENMENSUONENGDEDAODEZUIZHENGUI,HUOZAIQINGGAN、YISHISHANGRENWEISHIZUIZHENGUIDEDONGXI,ZHIZUOJIYISHANGJIZHONGTIXIANLERENMENDEZHIHUI,ZUIDAXIANDUDIFANYINGLERENMENSUOYONGYOUDEGONGYIJISHUSHUIPING。QINGDAIPEISHIJUYOUYUANLIAOFUZADETEDIAN,ZHU、MU、TENG,YOUYUMAO、SHOUGU,YOUHAIBEI、SHANHUDENGHAISHENGWU,YOUPIMAO、BUBOHESICHOU,HUANYOUJIN、YIN、TONG、TIE、YUSHI、ZHENZHU、HUPO、MANAO、FEICUIDENGDENG。XIAMIANCONGTOUSHI、XIANGSHI、XIONGYAOSHI、ZUSHI5GEFANGMIANFENBIEJIAYIXUSHU。

1.TOUSHI

TOUSHISHIZHIZHENGGETOUBUDEZHUANGSHI。TAZAIGEMINZUDESHOUSHIZHONGYOUSHIZUIZHUYAO、ZUIFENGFUDEBUFEN,TONGSHIYESHIZUIYOUTESEDEBUFEN。QINGDAITOUSHISHIQUBIEYUYIWANGRENHECHAODAIDEJUYOUXIANMINGDEMINZUTEZHENG。ERSHISHITOUSHIDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,YESHIMANZUFUSHIDEBIAOZHIZHIYI。QINGDAIDEERSHIZHUYAOBAOKUOERZHUI、ERHUAN。SHANGZHIHUANGTAIHOU,XIAZHIQIPINMINGFU,JIEZUOYOUERGEDAISANJUERZHUI,SUCHENG?YIERSANQIAN#,SUOWEI?YIERSANQIAN#JIUSHIZAIMEIZHIERDUOYOUSHANGZHIXIAZHASANGEERYAN。SHANGZHIHUANGTAIHOU,XIAZHIQIPINMINGFUPEIDAIDEERSHI,JIEWEISANJUZONGXIANGPAI

!

金樽棋牌LIE。QINGDAIGUANDINGDEERSHI,YIMEIJUXIANDONGZHUDEDENGJI、MEIJUDESHIWUWEIQUBIEDEBIAOZHI;JINYUESHIQINGDAIHOUFEIZHIMINGFUCHUANCHAOFUSHIPEIDAIZAICHAOFUGUANXIAYANCHUDEYIZHONGYUANXINGLEISIFAKADEZHUANGSHIPIN,QISHANGSHIYIBUTONGSHULIANGDEZHUBAO,YICIZUOWEIQUBIESHEN

[1]

FEN、DIWEIDEBIAOZHI。JINYUEYILOUJINYUNDESHUMU、QISHANGDESHIWU,JINYUEHOUXIDEJIEDEBUTONGGUIDINGLAIJINXINGQUFENDENGJI;MANBAQIGUIZUFUNV,PINGRISHUQITOU,CHUANCHAOFUSHIDAICHAOGUAN,CHUANJIFUSHIDAIJIFUGUAN,HUANYOUYIZHONGLEISIGUANDETOUSHISHIZAICHUANCAIFUDERIZILIDAIDEJIAOZUODIANZI。DIANZISHIJIDENGYUSHIYIZHONGZHUCUIWEISHIDECAIGUAN。QIANRUFENGGUAN,HOURUBOJIXING,SHANGQIONGXIAGUANG,YITIESIHUOTENGZUOTAIGU,ZHICHENGGUJIA,WANGYIZAOSHA、HEICHOU、XIANWANG,HUOYIHEIRONGJIDUANTIAOZHAOZHI。QIANHOUJUNYIDIANCUIZHUSHIWEISHI,ZUOYILINGRONG、JUANHUAHEGELEISHILINGXIANHUA。DAIZAITOUSHANGSHIDINGWANGHOUQINGXIE。DIANYOUFENGDIAN、CHANGFUDIANLIANGZHONG。FENGDIANCAIZHIYOUJIN、YU、HONG、LANBAOSHI、ZHENZHU、SHANHU、HUPO、MANAO、LVSONGSHI、CUIYUDENG。DIANZISHIWEIMINGDAIYICUNDEGUANSHI;DINGDAISHIQINGCHAOGUANFUZHIDUZHONGTEYOUDEYIZHONGBIAOZHIPINXUDEFANGFA,SHIQINGCHAOYOUBIEYUYIWANGRENHECHAODAIDEPEISHIZHIYI。DINGDAISUCHENG?DINGZI,#SHIQINGCHAOYOUGUANJUEZHESUODAIGUANDINGXIANGQIANDEBAOSHI。ANZHAOQINGDAIFUSHIZHIDUDEGUIDING,QINGCHAOCONGHUANGDIDAOGEJIGUANYUAN,WULUNSHICHUANLIFU、JIFUHUOSHICHANGFU,DOUYAOZAISUODAICHAOGUANHUOJIFUGUANDEGUANDINGZHISHANGXIANGQIANGESEBAOSHIHESUJIN,YIBIAOSHICHUBENRENDEPINGUANDENGJI,YIBIANDENGWEI。DINGZIDE

金樽棋牌SHOUGAORIQI:2009-03-10

JIJINXIANGMU:LIAONINGSHENGJIAOYUTINGKEYANXIANGMU(2009A256);LIAONINGSHENGSHEHUIKEXUEGUIHUAJIJINXIANGMU(L07bmz005)ZUOZHEJIANJIE:CENGHUI(1971?),NV,MANZU,BOSHI,FUJIAOSHOU,YANJIUFANGXIANG:ZHONGWAIFUSHISHI、MINZUFUSHIWENHUA。

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DI5QI CENG HUI:MANZUFUSHIWENHUADEBIANQIAN(ZHONG)

金樽棋牌DECHANGTONGXIE。XUE,BENSHIHULV,YUANWEIWOGUOBEIFANGYOUMUMINZUSUOCHUANDEBIANYUCHENGQIBASHEDEPIZHILV。TIANCONGLIUNIAN(1632NIAN)GUIDING,PINGCHANGRENBUZHUNCHUANXUE,QIHOUZEWENWUGEGUANJISHISHUDOUKEYICHUAN,ZHIYOUPINGMINZERENGBUNENGCHUAN,LINGREN、PUCONGDENGYEBUNENGCHUANXUE。MINGQINGLIANGDAIDEXUE,YIBEICHAOTINGGUIDINGWEIWENWUBAIGUANRENCHAOZOUSHISUOBIFUDEFUSHI,SUOYIBEICHENGZHIWEI?CHAOXUE#。QINGDAIXUESHIWEIYANXIMINGZHI,XUEWEIJIANTOUSHIHEFANGTOUSHI。XUEDECAILIAO,XIAQIUYONGDUAN,DONGZEYONGRONG,QISHANGXIANGYOULVSEPIBIAN。YOUSANNIANSANGZHEZEYONGBU。ZAIQINGDAI,GENJUXUEDIDEBOHOUHECHUANZHUDELINGBIANCHENGDUJIANGCHAOXUEFENWEIGUANXUEHEGUANKUAIXUELIANGZHONG。GUANXUEDIHOUYOUCHANG,DUOWEIFANGXINGTOU,YONGYUJUNCHENCHAOHUIZHISHI,QUQIXINGZOUANWEN。GUANKUAIXUEZEDIBOYAODUAN,JIANTOUSHIJUDUO,YONGYUPINGSHIRICHANGSHENGHUO,QUQIXINGZOULINGBIANKUAIJIE。XUESEYOUHUANGSEHEQINGSELIANGZHONG,HUANGDIYONGHUANGSEHEQINGSELIANGZHONG,HUANGZIYIXIAWENWUBAIGUANJIEYONGQINGSEYIZHONG。

(SI)JUNRONGFUSHI

金樽棋牌MANZUDEJUNRONGFUSHIBAOKUOJINDAIHEQINGDAIDEJUNRONGFUSHI。NVZHENZAOQIZHIYOUBINGQIERWUJIAZHOU,HOULAICONGLIAODEPANBINGNEILIDEDAOWUBAIJUTIEJIA,CONGCIKAISHIYOULEKAIJIAZHUANGBEI。ZAOQIDEKAIJIAZHIYOUBANSHEN,XIAMIANSHIHUXI,TOUKUIHENJIANGU。JINCHAOWUGUANDEGUANFUYILVWEIZISE,YIFUZHUANGMIANLIAOSHANGDEHUAWENDAXIAOLAIQUFENPINJI,PINJIYUEGAO,HUAWENYUEDA。RONGFUYANSEYOUZI、FEI、ZHU、HEIDENGSE,YIZHUWEIZHU,PUTONGSHIBINGDERONGFUYONGBAISEDEBIJIAODUO,JIANGXIAOJUNGUANDEPAOFUSHANG,XIONGQIAN、JIANXIUCHUHUANYONGJINXIANXIUSHANGHUAWEN,WEISHIQINJUNYIBANDOUCHUANTUANHUAJINPAO。YAODAIDEDAITINGYONGHONG、BAI、JIN、YINDENGSE。KAIJIAZEYIJIN、YINSEWEIZHU,CHUANLIANTIEJIADESIDAIHUOPITIAORANCHENGZI、HUANG、QINGDENGSE,CHENGZUO?ZIRONG#?QINGRONG#?HUANGRONG#,ZHUANGBEIZHEZHONGCAISEZUDAIBIANZHUIDETIEJIAJUNDUI,CHENG?ZIRONGJUN#?HUANGRONGJUN#,SHINVZHENBUDUIDEZHULI

[2]

金樽棋牌YUANLIAOYIBAOSHIWEIZHU,YANSEYOUHONG、LAN、BAI、JINDENG。BUTONGDECAILIAOHEYANSESHIQUBIEGUANZHIDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI;QINGDAIDELINGZIFENWEIHUALINGHELANLING,HUALINGSHIYONGKONGQUEDELINGMAOZHICHENGDE,SUCHENGKONGQUELING,LINGWEIDUANYOUXIANGYANJINGERJICANLANXIANMINGDEYIQUANBANWEN,JIAOZUOYAN。YOUDANYAN、SHUANGYAN、SANYANHUALINGZHIBIE,YISANYANWEIZUIGUI,MEIYOUYANDEJIAOLANLING。LINGZICHAZAILINGGUANNEI,LINGGUANCHANGYUELIANGCUN,SHIYONGBAIYU、FALANGHUOFEICUIZUODE,JIECIANZHUANGLINGZI。

2.XIANGSHI

金樽棋牌XIANGSHIYECHENGJINGSHI,SHIZHIGUAZAIBOZISHANGDEZHUANGSHIPIN。QINGDAIDEXIANGSHIZHUYAOYOUGUAZHU、LINGYUELIANGZHONG。GUAZHUFENWEICHAOFUZHU、JIFUZHU、CHANGFUZHU。ZAIQINGDAI,SHENMERENYINGPEIDAICHAOZHU、PEIDAIHEZHONGZHIDIDECHAOZHUJIQICHAOZHUDEPEIDAIFANGFADENGJUNYOUZHUYANGEDEGUIDING。LINGYUESHIQINGDAIHOUFEIZHIMINGFUCHUANCHAOFUZHISHI,PEIDAIZAICHAOPAOPILINGZHISHANGDEYIZHONGYUANXINGLEISIXIANGQUANDEZHUANGSHIPIN,QISHANGSHIYIBUTONGDEZHUBAOJICHUIBUTONGYANSEDEJIANGYISHIQUBIE。

3.XIONGYAOSHI

金樽棋牌CAISHUISHIQINGDAIHOUFEIZHIMINGFUCHUANCHAOFUZHISHIGUAZAICHAOGUADEDIERGENIUKOUSHANGCHUIYUXIONGQIANDECHANGTIAOJINSHISHIWU,SHIYIZHONGZHUANGSHIPIN,CHANGYUE1MISHANGXIA,SHANGZHAIXIAKUAN,SHANGDUANYOUGUAGOUHEDONGZHUHUOYUHUAN,GUAGOUKEJIANGCAISHUIGUAZAICHAOGUASHANG,HUANDEXIAMIANYOUSIJIANGSHUGEN,KEYIGUAZHEN(ZHEN)GUAN、XIAODAIZIZHILEI,XIADUANCHENGJIANJIAOXINGDECHANGTIAO,TAYISECAIJIYOUWUWENXIULAIQUFENDENGJI。CAISHUISHIYIBUTONGYANSEDECHOUZUOCHENG,XINGZHUANGYOUXIESILINGDAI。GENJUPEIDAIZHEDESHENFEN、DIWEIDEBUTONG,SHANGMIANYOUDEXIUZHIHUAWEN,YOUDEZEBUXIUZHIHUAWEN,YONGSEJIJIANGDEYANSEYEBUXIANGTONG;YAOSHIYESHIZHUANGSHIBUWEIZHIYI,TASHIRENTIDEZHONGJIANBUWEI,QIDAOCHENGSHANGQIXIADEZUOYONG。YINCI,YAOSHIBENSHENJIUCHENGWEIJISHIYONGYOUYOUZHUANGSHIYIYIDEFUSHIPEIWU,RENMENCHANGYAODUIQIJIAYIJINGXINDEZHIZUOZHUANGSHI。LINGWAI,YOUYUYAODAISUOCHUDETESHUWEIZHI,RENMENYOUWANGWANGBATAZUOWEIYIZHONGGONGJU,ZAISHANGMIANXUANGUASHENGCHANSHENGHUOZHONGCHANGYONGDEQIWUHEGEZHONGZHUANGSHIPIN。QINGDAI,YAOSHIDESHIYONGGONGNENGYIJINGXIAOSHI,ERSHIZUOWEIYIZHONGXIANGZHENG,YIGEFUHAO,SHENFENHEDIWEI、CAIFUYUZHIWEIDEBIAOZHI。QINGDAIDEYAOSHIZHUYAOYOUCHAOFUDAI、JIFUDAI、CHANGFUDAIHEXINGFUDAI。

4.ZUSHI

金樽棋牌QINGDAIZUSHIYESHIZUIYOUMINZUTESEDEFUSHIZHIYI,YINZHEBUFENZHUYAOYANJIUQINGCHAOZHENGFUGUIDINGDEFUSHIZHIDUDENEIRONG,SUOYINVQIXIEBUFENJIANGFANGZAIHOUMIANJINXINGCHANSHU,ZHELIJIESHAODESHIQINGDAINANZIGUANYUANDEXUEXIE。

CHAOXUESHIQINGDAIJUNCHENYUCHAOHUI、JISI、ZOUSHIDENGSHISUOCHUAN

金樽棋牌。QINGDAIDEBAQIZHIDUSHIQINGTAIZU

NUERHACHIYU1615NIANCHUANGLI,FENWEIZHENGHUANG、ZHENGBAI、ZHENGHONG、ZHENGLAN、XIANGHUANG、XIANGBAI、XIANGHONG、XIANGLANBAQI。QINGRUGUANHOUYANXIQIZHI,BAQIBINGCHENGWEIQINGCHAOTONGZHIQUANGUOZUIZHONGYAODEWUZHUANGLILIANG。BAQIBINGSUOZHUFUZHUANGWEITOUDAINIUPIZHIXIUQIKUI,SHENCHUANJIAFU,JIAFUYOUSHANGYI、XIASHANG、ZUOYOUHUJIAN、ZUOYOUHUYEQIANDANGHEZUODANGZUCHENG。BAQIBINGDINGDEFUZHUANGYUSUOZAIQIDEYANSEXIANGDUIYING,YONGHUANG、HONG、LAN、BAISEJIXIANGBIANWEIBIAOSHIQUFENQISHU,QUANSHENYILVXIANGYOUTONGZHIPAODING。JU%QINGHUIDIAN&JIZAI,QINGCHAODEKAIJIJIAYOUMINGJIA、ANJIA、MIANJIA、TIEJIADENGJIZHONG。QINGJUNDEJUNGUANYIBANCHUANXUE,SHIBINGCHUANSHUANGLIANGXIEHUORUYITOUXIE。XUEYOUHOUDIHEBODILIANGZHONG,XUEHEXIEDOUSHIJIANTOU,BODIXUEWEIQIAO

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金樽棋牌LIAODONGXUEYUANXUEBAO(SHEHUIKEXUEBAN) DI11JUAN

JIAN。SHIBINGCHUANXIESHITUISHANGYAOGUOXINGCHAN,HUOYONGBUDAIJIANGKUKOUZHAJIN。YOUSHISHIBINGHEJIANGGUANHUANCHUANMAXIE、CAOXIE。QINGDAIDEKAIJIAZAIQIANQIHUANYONGYUZUOZHAN,ZHONGQIYIHOUCHUNCUIBIANCHENGLEZHUANGSHIBAISHE,ZHIYOUZAIYUEBINGDENGDIANLISHANGYOUSHIHUANSHIYONG,ZUOZHANSHIZHICHUANRONGFUHUOMIANJIA,GENBENBUCHUANKAIJIA。KAIJIAFEIQIBUYONGYIHOU,RONGFUCHENGLEJUNDUIDEWEIYIFUSHI。QINGDAIDERONGFUDOUSHIMANZUYIZHUANG。WUGUANYOUCHAOFU、MANGFU、BUFU、XINGPAODENGJIZHONGFUSHI。ZIGUANGXUSANSHIYINIAN(1905NIAN)ZHIDINGLUJUNXINBANZHISHI,ZHIGUIDINGZAIDALISHIRENGXUDAILINGDING。LUJUNFUZHIFENJUNLIFU、CHANGFU,DAIJUNMAO。YIFUDOUYONGKAIJINSHIJIEYINIUKOU,QICHANGQILIANGKUAZHIYUANZHOUGUWEIDU。JUNMAOQIANYOUHEISEZHEYANG,BUBINGYONGKUANJINPIXIE,YONGMABUGUOTUI;YIYOUBIANZHANG,YONGJINSETUANMANGBINGYIJINBIAN、HONGSIBIANDEDAOSHUDUOGUAWEIFENBIESHANGXIADENGJI。1907NIANDINGLUHAIJUNGUANZHI,1908NIANNIDINGXUNJINGFU。

SI、QINGDAIMANZUMINJIANFUSHI

金樽棋牌QINGDAIMANZUMINJIANFUSHIZHUYAOSHIZHIQINGDAIDEQIRENFUSHI,WENZHONGSHEJIHEYANJIUDESHIQIRENFUSHI,QIZHONGBAOHANYIBUFENMEIYOUFUSHIZHIDUZHIYUEDEGONGTINGFUSHI。ZAIQINGDAI,QINGTONGZHIZHEJIANGQITONGZHIXIADERENMENFENWEIQIRENHEMINREN。QIRENBAOKUOBAQIMANZHOU、BAQIHANJUNHEBAQIMENGGU。BAQIHANJUNHEBAQIMENGGUSUIRANYUANBENBUSHIMANZU,DANSHIGUIRUDAOBAQIZHIDUZHONGSHOUQITONGYIGUANZHI,SUOYIZAIFUSHISHANGYINGSHITONGYIDEYANGSHI。YINCIWENZHONGSUOZHIDEMANZUMINJIANFUSHIZHIBAOKUOBAQIMANZHOU、BAQIHANJUNHEBAQIMENGGUDEFUSHI,SHIZHIGUANDINGFUSHIYIWAIDERICHANGSUOCHUANZHE,BAOKUOPINGUAN、DIJIDEYISHIJIPUTONGBAIXINGDEBIANFUFUSHI。XIAMIANJIANGDUIQINGDAIJUYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEJIZHONGMINJIANQIRENFUSHI,BAOKUOFUZHUANG、FASHIJIPEISHIJINXINGCHANSHU。

(YI)FUZHUANG

FUZHUANGZHUYAOBAOKUOMAGUA、KANJIAN、SHANPAO、CHENYI、CHANGYIHETAOKUDENGJIZHONG。MAGUASHIQINGDAINANZICHANGCHUANDEFUZHUANGZHIYI,SHIYIZHONGSHIMAOZHUANGSHU,GEJIERENSHIJUNXIAICHUANZHU。BUJINNANZICHUAN,NVZIYECHUAN,SHICHUANZAICHANGYIPAOSHANZHIWAI,BIWAIGUADUAN,CHANGJINJIYUQI,ZUOYOUJIHOUKAIXIEDEYIZHONGPAOGUA。MAGUAYUANWEIYIZHONGDUANXIU、DUIJINDEDUANSHANGYI,CHANGYUZUOQI,SHIWOGUOGUDAIBEIFANGYOUMUMINZUQIMAWANGONGDAJIAN、SHOULIEZHISHICHUANZAICHANGPAOWAIMIANDEYIZHONGDUANGUA,BINGYINCIERDEMING。QINGDINGDINGZHONGYUANYIHOU,MAGUAZHUJIANYOUPUSHIWUHUADESHIYONGXINGXIANGQIUMEIDEZHUANGSHIXINGZHUANHUA,CHENGWEIRENMENRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGSUOCHUANDECHANGFU。KANGXIYIHOU,DUIJINYUANLINGDEMAGUAFAZHANCHENGWEIJUYOUDUIJIN、DAJIN、PIPAJIN?

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金樽棋牌(JIQUEJIN)LILINGHUOYUANLINGDUOZHONGXINGSHIDEMAGUA,YONGZHENGSHICHUANDERENRIYIZENGDUO。ZAIJIAQINGNIANJIAN,MAGUAWANGWANGYONGRUYITOUXIANGYUAN,DAOXIANFENG、TONGZHIJIANYOUZUODAXIANGDAYAN,GUANGXU、XUANTONGJIANYOUQIZAINANFANGBATAJIANDUANDAOQIBUZHISHANG,YANSEYONGBAOLAN、TIANQING、KUHUI,MIANLIAOYONGTIEXIANSHA、NI、DUANDENG。MAGUAYOUCHANGXIU、DUANXIU,KUANXIU、ZHAIXIUZHIFEN,XIUKOUJUNPINGQI,BUZUOMATISHI;KANJIANYEJIAOZUO?BEIXIN#?MAJIA#?MAJIA#?JINSHEN#,YUMAGUAXIANGLEISI,WUXIU,CHUANZAICHANGSHANWAI。QINGDAIDEKANJIANYIBANDOUZHUANGYOULILING,CHANGYUYAOQI,YOUDUIJIN、DAJIN、PIPAJIN、RENZIJINJIYIZIJINJIZHONGKUANSHI。KANJIANMIANLIAOYONGCHOU、SHA、DUANDENG;YANSEYOUBAOLAN、TIANLAN、TIANQING、JIANGSE、YUANSE、NIJINSEDENG。KANJIANYOUMIAN、JIA、DAN、PI4ZHONG。ZHIZHIJINRI,KANJIANYESHIDANGJINSHEHUIRENMENXIAIDEFUSHIZHIYI;SHAN、PAOJIUSHIWOMENXIANZAISUOSHUODEQIPAO,SHIMANZUFUSHIZUIJUDAIBIAOXINGDEFUZHUANG。ZHEZHONGPAOSHIFUZHUANGSHIQINGDAINANNVLAOSHAO、CHUNXIAQIUDONGDOULIBUKAIDE。TAYOUDAN、JIA、MIAN、PIZHIFEN,CHUN、XIAJICHUANYONGDECHENGZHIWEISHAN,QIU、DONGJICHUANYONGDECHENGZHIWEIPAO,DANGSHIBINGBUJIAOZUOQIPAO,SHIQITAMINZUJIANGMANZU(QIREN)SUOCHUANDEPAOZICHENGWEIQIPAO。SHANPAODEJIBENYANGSHIHENJIANDAN:YUANLING、NIANJIN(DAJIN)、ZHAIXIU(YOUDEDAIMATIXIU)、SIMIANKAIQI,YOUKOUBAN。QIPAOSHISHIYINGSHENGHUOHESHENGCHANHUANJINGERFAZHANLAIDE,TAGAIBIANLEYIZHIYILAIZHONGYUANFUSHISHANGYIXIASHANG、KUANPAODAXIUDEFUSHIFENGGE。TADEZUIDAYOUDIANJIUSHISHIYINGMANZUQISHEHUODONGDEXUYAO。SUIZHUQINGCHAOSHEHUIDEBUDUANXIANGQIANFAZHAN,QIPAODESHIYANG、ZHUANGSHIXING、GONGNENGXINGYEFASHENGLEBIANHUA。QINGCHUQIPAO、SHANSHANGCHANG,SHUNZHIMOJIANDUANJIYUXI,QIHOUYOUJIACHANGZHISHANG,KANGXIZHONGQI,YIPAOYOUJIANDUAN,ERWAITAOZEJIANJIACHANG。PAO、SHANZAITONGZHISHIQIHUANBIJIAOKUANDA,XIUZIYOUYICHIDUOKUAN,GUANGXUCHUNIANYERUCI,ZHIJIAWU、GENGZIZHIHOU,BIANCHENGJIDUANJIJINZHIYAOSHENHEZHAIXIUDESHIYANG。SHANPAOYANSEDADUOWEIYUEBAI、HUSE、ZAOHONG、XUEQING、LAN、HUIZHUSE,YIBANDOUCHUANQIANSEDEZHUBUCHANGSHAN,DANZHUHUOJIAZHAOYUPAOXIANZHIWAI,XINGCHENGSHANGSHENSHEN(ZHIMAGUA、MAJIADESE)ERXIABANJIEQIANDESEDIAO。QIPAODEKAIQI,RUGUANHOUYEYOUBIANHUA,CONGSIKAIQIBIANWEILIANGKAIQI,HUOZHEBUKAIQI。SIMIANKAIQIDEQIPAOTONGJIANXIUYIYANG,HOULAIYESHIBEIZUOWEIYIZHONGSHENFENHEDIWEIDEXIANGZHENG;CHENYISHISUIZHUQIFUSHIZHIDUDEZHUJIANQUELIERCHANSHENGDEYIZHONGXINXINGDEFUZHUANG。ZHEZHONGXINXINGDEFUZHUANG,QICHUSHIZUOWEIYIZHONGNEIYI、JUYOUTESHUYONGTUERCHUXIANDE,SUOYICHENGWEICHENYI。QINGDAICHENYIDEJIBENXINGZHIWEIYUANLING、YOUREN、ZHISHEN、NIANJIN、PINGKOU、WUJU(KAIQI)DE

DI5QI CENG HUI:MANZUFUSHIWENHUADEBIANQIAN(ZHONG)

ZHIDAOQINGMO,LILINGHUANBUSHIBEIGUANGFANYINGYONG。MINGUOSHIQISHILILINGLIUXINGDEKAISHI,GEZHONGLILINGKUANSHIDEBIANHUACHENGWEINEISHISHISHANGDENVZHUANGBIAOZHIZHIYI。ZHIZHIJINRI,LILINGZAIGESHIFUZHUANGZHONGDALIANGCHUXIAN,QIYUANTOUDANGSHUQINGDAILILINGDEGONGXIAN;MATIXIUYEJIAOJIANXIU,MANYU?waha#,SHIMANZUPAOGUAZHONGHENYOUTEDIANDEYIZHONGYIXIU,SHIMANZUFUSHIZHONGJUYOUMINZUTESEDEFUSHIZHIYI。MATIXIUSHIZAIPINGXIUKOUQIANBIAN,ZAIJIECHUYIGEBANYUANXINGDE?XIUTOU#,YIBANZUICHANGCHUZHIJINGWEI15LIMIZUOYOU,XINGSIMATI,HOULAISUCHENGWEIMATIXIU。MATIXIUDECHANSHENGYUANYUMANZURENMINSHENGHUOHESHENGCHANDEHUANJING。RUGUANQIAN,MANZUYIZHIYISHOULIESHENGHUOWEIZHU,WEILESHIYINGZAIHANLENGDEDONGJILIDALIEDEXUQIU,JIANGMATIXIUFUGAIZAISHOUSHANG,WULUNSHIQIMAHUANSHISHEJIAN,JUNKEBAOHUSHOUBEISHIQIBUZHIYUDONGSHANG。JINGUANZHIHOU,YOUYUMANZUSHENGHUOHUANJINGDEBIANHUA,QISHEZHIFENGYIZHUJIANSHUAIWEI,PAOGUASHANGDEJIANXIUYEBUZAIQIDAOYUANLAIDEZUOYONG,ERSHIZUOWEIYIZHONGLIJIEHESHENFENDEXIANGZHENG,PINGSHIJIANGXIUTOUWANQI,YUDAOXUXINGLISHI,BIANJIANGJIANXIUDANXIALAI,YISHIZHUANGZHONG、SHOULI。ZAIQINGDAI,MATIXIUZAIGEZHONGCHANGHEDEPAOFUZHONGJUNYOUTIXIAN。?80NIANDAI,ZHEZHONGXINGSHIZAIHEILONGJIANGSHENGDENONGCUNZHONG,TEBIESHIYOUXIELAONIANDE?CHELAOBAN(YIXIUSHANGHUANKEKANDAO,YOUDESUISHENCHUANMIANAO,DANHUANTEYIJIECHUGEGOUPI、LANGPIHUOPAOPIDE?XIUTOU(YIBAOHUSHOUBEI#。ZHIDAOJINTIAN,MATIXIUYIJINGZUOWEIYIZHONGFUSHIYUANSUYINGYONGZAIXIANDAIFUZHUANGSHEJIZHIZHONG。BIZHEZAI2005NIANGOUMAIDEYIJIANXIAJICHUANDECHENSHAN,JIUSHIMATIXIUDEYIZHONGBIANXINGSHEJI。KEYIKANCHU,FANSHIJUYOUSHENGMINGLIDEDONGXI,ZONGSHIHUIZAILISHIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGLIUCHUANXIALAIDE。

(ER)FASHI

FASHISHIGUDAIMINZUXINGXIANGDEBIAOZHI。MANZUNANZIDEFASHI,YANXILEJINDAIDEFASHIJIBIANFA。BIANFASHIWOGUODONGBEISHAOSHUMINZUCHANGJIANDEYIZHONGFASHI,DANBIANFADESHIYANG,YINGEMINZUBUTONGZEGEYOUGEDETEDIAN。JINDAINVZHENRENDEFASHISHIBANTIBANLIU,SUOWEIBANTIBANLIUJIUSHICONGEJIAOLIANGDUANYINYIZHIXIAN,JIANGZHIXIANYIWAIDETOUFAQUANBUTIQU,ZHILIULUHOUTOUFA,ZAIJIANGTABIANJIEWEIBIAN,CHUIYUNAOHOU。QINGCHAODINGDINGBEIJINGHOU,ZHEYIXISUZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEIYIQIANGZHIZHENGCETUIXING。CONGCIJUGUOSHANGXIA,QINGCHAONANZIBUFENMANHAN,YILVDOUSHITIFACHUIBIAN,ZHIDAOXINHAIGEMINGQINGCHAOFUMIE,ZHEZHONGFASHICAIGAOJIESHU;CHULEFUSHIWAI,MANZUFUNVDEFASHIYEYUHANZUFUNVBUTONG。QINGDAIMANZUFUNVDEFA

[3]

金樽棋牌BIANPAO。XIUZIXINGSHIYOUSHUXIU(XIUCHANGZHIWAN)、BANKUANXIU(DUANKUANXIUKOUJIAJIEERCENGXIUTOU)LIANGLEI,XIUKOUNEIZAILINGJIASHIXIUTOU,YIRONGXIU、NASHA、PINGJIN、ZHIHUADEWEIZHU。YOUDELIANGKAIJU,YOUDESIKAIJU;CHANGYISHIQINGDAIHOUQICAICHUXIANDEYIZHONGNVSHIWAIYI,TADEJIBENXINGZHIWEIYUANLING、YOUREN、ZHISHEN、YIFEI、XIUKUANPINGERGAOGAOWANQI、ZUOYOUKAIJU。TASHIYOUZAOQIDEPAOYANBIANERLAI,SHIQIPAODEYIZHONG,YEYOURENCHENGZHIWEIQIPAO。CHANGYIHEWANXIUCHENYIDEZUIDAQUBIESHI:CHANGYIZUOYOUKAIXIGAOZHIYEXIA,KAIXIDEDINGDUANBISHIYUNTOU!;ERWANXIUCHENYIZEWUJU。CHANGYIDEWENSHIBIJIAOHUALI,BIANSHIDEXIANGGUNGENGWEIJIANGJIU,ZAILINGTUO、XIUKOU、YILINGZHIYEXIAXIANGJIAOCHUJICEBAI、XIABAIDOUXIANGGUNBUTONGSECAI、BUTONGGONGYI、BUTONGZHILIAODEHUABIAN、HUAJIANG、GOUYADENGDENG,YIDUOXIANGWEIMEI。XIANFENG、TONGZHIQIJIAN,JINGCHENGGUIZUFUNVYISHIXIANGGUNHUABIANDEDAOSHUYUELAIYUEDUO,YOU?SHIBAXIANG#ZHICHENG。ZHEZHONGYIXIANGGUNHUABIANWEIFUZHUANGZHUYAOZHUANGSHIDEFENGSHANG,YIZHIDAOMINGUOQIJIANRENGJIXULIUXING。CHANGYISHIQINGDAIHOUFEIMENBIANFUZHONGGUIGEZUIGAO、ZUIFUYOUZHUANGSHIXINGDEFUSHI,YESHIHOUFEIMENTANQINFANGYOU、JIEDAIKERENSUOCHUANDEYIZHONGDAIYOULIJIEXINGDEBIANZHUANG;TAOKUWEIMANZUTEYOUDEMINZUFUSHIZHIYI,DUOWEIXIACENGLAODONGRENMINSUOCHUAN,YIBANWEINANZISUOYONG,MANZUFUNVYECHUANYONG,ZHUYAOYONGYUYUHANHEBAONUAN。TAOKUSUIRANJIAOKUZI,DANBUSHIWANZHENGDEKUZI,JINYOULIANGTIAOKUTUI,MEIYOUPUTONGKUZIDESHANGBANDUAN,ERYONGLIANGTIAODAIZISUODAITI。YOUMIAN、JIA、DANZHIFEN,MIANLIAOYONGDUAN、SHA、CHOU、NIDENG。

金樽棋牌FUZHUANGFUJIANBAOKUOLINGZIHEMATIXIU。LINGZIGURENJIAOLINGYI,SHIYIFUSHANGQIBAOHUJINGXIANGZUOYONGDEBUFEN。TASHIQINGDAINANNVYIFUZHONGBIBUKESHAODEYIGEZUCHENGBUFEN。ZAIQINGDAIZHIQIAN,ZHONGGUOFUZHUANGSHISHANGDEFUZHUANGJUNWULINGZI,ZHIDAOQINGDAI,LINGZISHOUXIANSHIZAIYUYISHANGYINGYONG。QINGDAIDEYIFUHELINGZIDOUSHIDANDUCUNZAIDE,ZHEZHONGLINGZISUCHENG?JIALING#,JIZAIJINGXIANGCHUFUJIAYITIAOLINGZI,SUOYIZAICHUANSHIDEQINGDAICHAOPAO、GUADENGFUSHISHANG,WOMENHENSHAOFAXIANLINGZI。ZHEZHONGLINGZIDECHANSHENG,TONGYANGSHIHEHUANJINGYOUGUAN。YUANLINGDEPAOSHANZAIHANLENGDEBEIFANGDONGJIHUITONGGUOJINGXIANGCHUGUANFENG,ERZHONGYUANFUSHIYOUWULINGKECANKAO,YINCI,MANZURENMINCHUANGZAOLELINGZI。ZHEZHONGLINGZIYILILINGWEIZUIXIANCHUXIAN,CHUXIANZAIYUYIZHONG,SHIYONGXINGSHITACHANSHENGBINGKAISHIYONGYUFUZHUANGDEZHUYAOYINSU。TONGZHI、GUANGXUSHIQI,LILINGKAISHIYINGYONGZAIKANJIAN、MAGUADENGBUTONGDEFUZHUANGSHANG,DANZHIXIANYUMINFU,GUANFUHUANBUDUOJIAN。

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金樽棋牌CHANGYISHIZAIZUOYOUJUDESHANGDUANYONGKUANZHAIBUTONG、YANSE、HUAWENGEBUXIANGTONGDEHUAJIANG,DAZHEPANDINGCHENGDARUYITOU,ZUOYOUGEYIGE。

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金樽棋牌LIAODONGXUEYUANXUEBAO(SHEHUIKEXUEBAN) DI11JUAN

SHI,YUYIWANGRENHECHAODAIDOUBUXIANGTONG,JIJUBENMINZUDETEDIAN。QINGRUZHUZHONGYUANYIHOUDEYIDUANSHIJIANLI,MANZUFUNVDEFAXINGBINGMEIYOUMASHANGFASHENGBIANHUA。ERSHIRENGBAOCHIZHUCHUANTONGDE?BIANFAPANJI#SHI,BUGUANPINFUGUIJIANDOUSHIRUCI。DANSUIZHUQINGDAIGEFANGMIANLIYIZHIDUDEZHUBUQUELI,MANZUFUNVDE?BIANFAPANJI#SHIFAXINGBEIYIZHONGXINXINGDEFAXINGSUODAITI,JI?LIANGBATOU#。ZUICHUDE?LIANGBATOU#,SHIWEILESHIYINGXINJIANLIDELIYIZHIDUERCHANSHENGDEXINXINGFASHI,YINCI,SHIYONGXINGHENQIANG。SUIZHUQINGDAIZHENGQUANDEGONGGU,JINGJIDEFAZHANYUFANRONG,FUNVMENDEFASHIYEZHUJIANYOUSHIYONGXINGXIANGZHUANGSHIXINGFAZHAN。WEILENENGSHI?LIANGBATOU#CHENGDEQIJIAOZHONGDESHOUSHI。MANZUFUNVJIANGQIJINXINGLEGAIGE,ZHEZHONGGAILIANGHOUDE?LIANGBATOU#,QIANMIANKEYIDAIJIDUOHUAHUIJIZHUJIE,CEMIANKECHUILIUSU,SHIYIZHONGJIMEIGUANYOUSHIYONGDEFAXING。XIANFENGYIHOU,ZHEZHONGFAXINGYOUZHUJIANZENGGAO,LIANGBIANDEJIAOHE?YANWEI#YEBUDUANKUODA,HENKUAIJIUYANBIANCHENGYIZHONGXINDEFAXING?

?DALACHI#。?DALACHI#SHIYIZHONGSIBIAN

金樽棋牌XINGDEGUAN。?DALACHI#DEXIABUSHIYONGTONGSICHANRAOERCHENGDEYIGEXIAOMAOXINGGUJIA,ZAIMAOXINGGUJIASHANGCHANCUXIBUTONGDEHEISIXIANHETOUFA,SHANGBUWEISHANXINGCHI,CHIYIHEISEDUANWEIBIAO,YUEBAISEDUANWEILI,DIECHENGCHANGFANGLIUBIANXINGSHANMIAN,SHANMIANDESHANGBIANPINGERZHI,XIABIANWEIHUXING,ZUOYOULIANGCEWEISANJIAOXING。SHANGZHUIGEZHONGHUAHUIJIJINYINZHUBAODENGSHOUSHI。QINGDAIDEMANZUFUNVSHUSHANGGAILIANGXING?LIANGBATOU#,DAISHANG?DALACHI#SHANXINGGUAN,SHANGCHAWUYANLIUSEDEHUAHUIJILINLANGMANMUDEZHUBAOSHOUSHI,SHENCHUANSHIMAODECHANGYI,JIAODENGGAODIXIE,JIMEIGUANPIAOLIANG,YOUDUANZHUANGDAFANG,ZOUQILULAIANGTOUTINGXIONG,XIANDECHENWENWENYA、ZHUANGZHONGSATUO

(SAN)PEISHI

ZAN、CHAI、BUYAO、ERWAZAN、BIANFANGSHIMANZUFUNVPEIDAIZAITOUSHANGDEJIZHONGSHIWU,TAMENJUNYOUZANSHOUHETINGLIANGBUFENZUCHENG,ZAIZANSHOUYIZHUCUI、BAOSHI、DIANCUI、LEISIDENGGONGYIZHICHENGHUAMEIDEHUASHI。QINGDAIDEDABIANFANGCHANGZANSHIMANZUFUNVTOUSHIZHONGBUKEQUESHAODEYIZHONGSHOUSHI,YIBANWEICHANGFANGTIAOXING,YOUCHANGYOUDUAN,CHANGDEYUE30-35LIMI,DUANDEYUE12-15LIMI,KUANYUE7LIMI,GUANYUFAJIZHIZHONG。BIANFANGYOUBAIYU、TONGDUJIN、CHENXIANGMU、DAIMAOHUOCUIYUDENGZHILIAOZHIFEN;QINGDAIMAOSHIDEPINZHONGJIAODUO,KENENGGENQINGDAINANZIDEFASHIYOUGUANXI。CONGLISHICUNLIUXIALAIDETUPIANZILIAOLAIKAN,QINGDAINANZIJUEDABUFENDOUYOUDAIMAOZIDEXIGUAN。BULUNSHI%MANZHOUSHILU&,HUANSHIKANGXI、QIANLONG%WANSHOUSHENGDIANTU&,BULUNSHIXIESHIHUIHUA,HUANSHISHEYINGZHAOPIAN,JUNFANYINGLEZHEYISHEHUIFENGSU。MAOFENXIAOMAO(XIGUAPIMAO)、?

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[4]

金樽棋牌ZHANMAO、FENGMAO、PIMAO、LIANGMAOHEERTAO。ERTAOYOUCHENG?NUANER#?HUER#,SHIQINGDAIDUYOUDEYIZHONGPEISHI,SHIDONGJIYUHAN、BAOHUERDUODEYIZHONGSHIWU。YONGDUANHUOBUZHICHENG,HUOYONGMAOPIZUOBIANSHI

[5]

。

金樽棋牌ZAIQINGDAI,HANZUFUNVRENGCHUANZHUGEZHONGGEYANGDEGONGXIE,ERMANZUFUNVZECHUANZHUYONGMUZHIDEPINGDIHUOGAODIPINGTOUQIXIE。YINZHEZHONGXIEWEIQIRENSUOCHUAN,GUCHENGWEIQIXIE,SHIMANZUFUNVTEYOUDEXIESHI。QIXIE,CONGDISHANGFENYOULIANGZHONG,YIZHONGWEIPINGDI,YIZHONGWEIGAODI。PINGDIXIEDEXIEDIYUCHAOXUEXIANGSI,HOU4-5LIMI,QIANBUGAOGAOQIAOQI,QIAODEGAODUYUXIEMIANQIPING。CIZHONGPINGDIXIE,DUOWEIFANGKOU,YOUJIA、MIANZHIFEN,YANGSHICHUXIEDIQIANBUQIAOQIZHIWAI,BIECHUJUNHEWOMENXIANZAIYIXIENONGCUNNANZISUOCHUANDEFANGKOUQITOUBUXIEYIYANG。PINGDIXIEXIEMIANSHANGJUNXIUYOUGEZHONGGEYANGDEJINGMEIWENSHI。GAODIXIESHIQINGDAIZUIFUMINZUTESEDENVXIE。QIZUIDATEDIANSHIZAIXIEDIDEZHONGJIAN,JIJIAOXINDEBUWEIYOUYIGEGAOSHIDUOLIMIDEDI,GAODIJUNYONGNAHAODEJICENGXIBAIBUBIAOMENG。ZHEZHONGGAODIANQIXINGZHUANGKEFENWEIMATI、HUAPEN、YUANBAOSANZHONG。ANSHANGMATIDI,JIUJIAOMATIDIXIE;ANSHANGHUAPENDI,JIUJIAOHUAPENDIXIE;ANSHANGYUANBAODI,JIUJIAOYUANBAODIXIE。XIEDEMINGCHENGSHIGENJUXIEDIDEXINGZHUANGERJIAODE。XIEMIANDUOXIUGEZHONGHUAHUIJIDONGWUWENTUAN。ZHEZHONGGAODIXIEYOUJIA、YOUMIAN。JIAXIEDUOWEIDUANLIANCHANGKOU,MIANXIEDUOWEICHANGLIANJINKOULUOTUOANSHIXIE,QINGDAIMANZUBAIXINGJIADEFUNVPINGSHISUOCHUANZHUDEQIXIEWEIPINGDIXIE,ZAIJIEHUNHUOJIERIDENGQINGDIANHUODONGSHICAICHUANZHUGAODIXIE。QINGDAINVXIEHUANYOUYIZHONGXINGSHIWEIBIANXIE,YOUBOYECHENGXIUHUAXIE。DIJIAOQIXIEYAOBO,BIANYUXINGZOU。YONGDUAN、RONG、BUZHICHENG,XIEMIANQIANERZHAI,XIEBANGYOUCIHUAHUOXIETOUZUORUYITOUWAYUNSHI,XIEMIANZUODANLIANGHUOSHUANGLIANG。

HEBAOYOUCHENGXIANGNANG、XIANGHEBAO、JINNANG、XIANGDAIDENG,ZAIHANDAIYIQIANJIUYOU,SHENGXINGYUTANGDAIYIHOU。MANZUDEHEBAOJINGLILEYIGECONGSHIYONGDAOMEIGUAN、MIANLIAOSHANGCONGPIGEDAOLINGLUOCHOUDUANDEGUOCHENG。HEBAOSHENGXINGQILAISHIMANZURUGUANYIHOU。ANMANZUZUXIANNVZHENRENDECHUANTONGSHENGHUOXISU,WAICHUXINGLIESHIDOUZAIYAOJIANXIGUA?FADOU#

金樽棋牌(fadu),JIUSHIFAZHANDAOQINGDAISHIDEHEBAOXIANGNANG。

YOUQINGYIDAI,SHANGZHIHUANGDIXIAZHINUPU,DOUXIHUANDAIHEBAO。QINGDAIHEBAOHUASEPINZHONGZHIDUO,YINGYONGFANWEIZHIGUANG,CHAOYEZHONGSHIDECHENGDU,CHAOGUOLELISHISHANGRENHECHAODAI。QINGDAIDEHEBAOXINGZHUANGFANDUO,YOUXINXING、TAOXING、HULUXING、SHUJUANXINGDENG,HEBAOSHANGDADOUXIUYOUTUANHUOWENZI,WENYANGZHUYAOSHIHUANIAOCHONGYU,SHIERSHUXIANGHEXIANGQINRUISHOU,YIJIXIQUGUSHI、LIANPU、FENGJING、BO

[6]

。

金樽棋牌DI5QI CENG HUI:MANZUFUSHIWENHUADEBIANQIAN(ZHONG)

SHIPANDUANSAMANSHENXIDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI,YESHISAMANSHENLI、ZIGEDEBIAOZHI。MANZUSAMANDUOYISHENNIAOTONGLINGSHENXI,SHENMAOSHANGSHENNIAOSHULIANGDEDUOSHAO,BIAOZHIZHUSAMANZILIHESHENLIDEGAODI。SAMANSHENMAOYOUMAOTUO、MAOJIAHEGEZHONGMAOSHIZUCHENG。MAOTUODUOWEIHONGSEMIANZHIPIN,XINGZHUANGLEISI?GUAPIMAO#。MANZUSAMANTIAOSHENSHIHUIPIGUAQICAISHIZHUI,HUISHU、XIANGSHU、DIAO、HEDENGDONGWUMAOWEI,HUAPIHETENGTIAO,YONGHUANGBO、PUWEI、DONGQINGDENGDIAOCHENGDEGEZHONGXINGTAIGUAIWU,YUPI、SHOUYASHOUGU,QINYUQINZHUAYIJIHUANGYANGTIJIAODENGMINGMUFANDUODEGEZHONGWUJIAN,YOUDEQUANSHENPISHIDASHUBAIJIANZHIDUO,YICIXIANGZHENGYUZHOUJIANDEGEZHONGSHENGMINGWUZHI,TIANJIASHENDEWEILI

[7]

GUTUDENG。WENZIDUOWEIJIXIANGYONGYUHEZHUFUDESONGCI。JINDAIYILAI,SUIZHUSHEHUIDEBIANQIANHESHENGHUODEXIANDAIHUA,HEBAODEYINGYONGFANWEIYUELAIYUEXIAO,ZHIZUODERENYEYUELAIYUESHAO,ZHESHIZHENGGEMINZUMINJIANWENHUASHENGTAISHIHENGHEWENHUASHUITULIUSHIDEYIGEBIAOXIAN。

(SI)SAMANFUSHI

金樽棋牌SAMANJIAOSHIYIZHONGYUANSHIZONGJIAOXINGTAI,TACENGZAIWOGUOBEIFANG、PILINDEXIBOLIYANAIZHIGENGDAFANWEINEIDEZHONGDUOMINZUZHONGGUANGWEILIUCHUAN,BINGDUIZHEXIEMINZUDESHEHUILISHI、WENHUAXISU、XINLISUZHIDENGGEFANGMIANCHANSHENGGUOBUKEDIGUDEYINGXIANG。LISHIWENXIANZHONGYOUGUANMANZUXIANREN,CONGSUSHENZHIMOHEJIZAIQIXINYANGDEWENXIANJIAOSHAO,GUANYUSAMANFUSHIDEJIZAIGENGSHISHAOZHIYOUSHAO。YINCI,YANJIUQINGDAIDESAMANFUSHIJIANGSHIZHEBUFENDEZHUYAONEIRONG。MANZUSAMANFUSHIJIBENXINGZHIWEIHONGSEDUIJINWUXIUQIXINGSHAN,YIBANWEIMIANBUZHIDI,XIANGZHENGXINGCHEN。MANZUDASAMANPEIDAIDESHENMAO

CANKAOWENXIAN:

。BIZHEZAIJILINYITONGMANZUZIZHIXIANMANZUBOWUGUANZHONG

金樽棋牌JIANDAODESAMANSHENFUSHIJUYOUJIBAINIANLISHIDEYITAOSAMANFUSHI。

[1]CENGHUI.MANZUFUSHIWENHUADEBIANQIAN(SHANG)[J].LIAODONGXUEYUANXUEBAO:SHEHUIKEXUEBAN,[2]LIUYONGHUA.ZHONGGUOGUDAIJUNRONGFUSHI[M].SHANGHAI:SHANGHAIGUJICHUBANSHE,[3]WANGYUNYING.QINGDAIMANZUFUSHI[M].SHENYANG:LIAONINGMINZUCHUBANSHE,[4]ZONGFENGYING.QINGDAIGONGTINGFUSHI[M].BEIJING:ZIJINCHENGCHUBANSHE,

120.

[6]BAOQUANWAN.ZHONGGUOMINJIANHEBAO[M].TIANJIN:BAIHUAWENYICHUBANSHE,

2005:42.

[7]DUANMEI.DONGFANGNISHANG???JIEDUZHONGGUOSHAOSHUMINZUFUSHI[M].BEIJING:MINZUCHUBANSHE,

1985:74.

2009,11(4):98-105.

2003:149.

2003:182.

2007,9(6):

115-

金樽棋牌[5]CENGHUI.JICHENGYUFAZHAN、PENGZHUANGYURONGHE???LIAONINGSHENGMANZUMINJIANFUSHIDIAOCHA[J].LIAODONGXUEYUANXUEBAO:SHEHUIKEXUEBAN,

2004:326.

(ZERENBIANJI:JUYANQING)

金樽棋牌DressCultureEvolutionofManchuNationality())ZENGHui

金樽棋牌(CollegeofClothingandTextile,EasternLiaoningUniversity,Dandong118003,China)

Abstrac:tOnthebasisofcollectionofahugeamountofhistoricalliteratureandextensivefieldinvestigation,thedresscultureevolutionwasexploredwithmethodsofliteratureanalysis,fieldsurveyandmulti-subjectsynthe(knx-soft.com)sis.FromtheancestoroftheManchunationalitytotheNuzhennationalityoftheJinDynasty,fromtheManchuna(knx-soft.com)tionalityintheQingDynastytotheminthetimeoftheRepublicofChinaandthentocontemporaryChina,thede(knx-soft.com)velopmentoftheManchu(sdressandthechangeofthedressculturewereinvestigatedonatimesequence.Itissummarizedthatthecreation,developmentandchangearebasedonfourtheoreticalplatformsincludingthecombi(knx-soft.com)nationofpracticalityandaesthetics,theunityofmarkandsymbo,lthemulti-varianceintegrationandculturalconsciousness,andthefusionofinheri,tdevelopmentandinnovation.

金樽棋牌Keywords:Manchu;dress;culturalevolution

?

范文三:滿族服飾文化的變遷_中_

金樽棋牌DI11JUANDI5QI            LIAODONGXUEYUANXUEBAO(SHEHUIKEXUEBAN)            Vol.11No.5  2009NIAN10YUE        JournalofEasternLiaoningUniversity(SocialSciences)        Oct.2009

【FUSHIWENHUAYANJIU】

MANZUFUSHIWENHUADEBIANQIAN(ZHONG)

CENG HUI

(LIAODONGXUEYUANFUZHUANGYUFANGZHIXUEYUAN,)

ZHAI YAO:,、MINZUXUESHIDIDIAOCHAFA、DUOXUEKEZONGHEYANJIUFA,,WENHUABIANQIANDEYANJIU;、FAZHANYULIUBIANSHIJIANLIZAI“SHIYONGYUSHENMEIDEJIEHE”“FUHAOXIANGZHENGDETONGYI”“DUOYUANYITIYUWENHUAZIJUE”“、CHUANGXINYURONGHE”ZHESIGEJUYOUGUILVXINGDELILUNPINGTAIZHISHANGDE。

金樽棋牌GUANJIANCI:MANZU;FUSHI;WENHUABIANQIAN

金樽棋牌ZHONGTUFENLEIHAO:J523.5      WENXIANBIAOZHIMA:A      WENZHANGBIANHAO:1672—8572(2009)05—0122—06

(SAN)PEISHI

金樽棋牌PEISHISHIZHIPEIDAIZAIRENTIGEGEBUWEIDEZHUANGSHIPIN。TASUIBUSHIFUSHIDEZHUTI,YEBUYISHIYONGWEIMUDE,DANQUEWANGWANGSHIYIGEMINZU、YIGERENFUSHIDEJINGHUASUOZAI,SHIRENMENSHENMEIXINLI、JIAZHIGUANNIANZUIZHIJIE、ZUIZHONGYAODETIXIAN。YINWEITASUOYONGDECAILIAODUOSHIRENMENSUONENGDEDAODEZUIZHENGUI,HUOZAIQINGGAN、YISHISHANGRENWEISHIZUIZHENGUIDEDONGXI,ZHIZUOJIYISHANGJIZHONGTIXIANLERENMENDEZHIHUI,ZUIDAXIANDUDIFANYINGLERENMENSUOYONGYOUDEGONGYIJISHUSHUIPING。QINGDAIPEISHIJUYOUYUANLIAOFUZADETEDIAN,ZHU、MU、TENG,YOUYUMAO、SHOUGU,YOUHAIBEI、SHANHUDENGHAISHENGWU,YOUPIMAO、BUBOHESICHOU,HUANYOUJIN、YIN、TONG、TIE、YUSHI、ZHENZHU、HUPO、MANAO、FEICUIDENGDENG。XIAMIANCONGTOUSHI、XIANGSHI、XIONGYAOSHI、ZUSHI5GEFANGMIANFENBIEJIAYIXUSHU。

1.TOUSHI

LIE。QINGDAIGUANDINGDEERSHI,YIMEIJUXIANDONGZHUDEDENGJI、MEIJUDESHIWUWEIQUBIEDEBIAOZHI;JINYUESHIQINGDAIHOUFEIZHIMINGFUCHUANCHAOFUSHIPEIDAIZAICHAOFUGUANXIAYANCHUDEYIZHONGYUANXINGLEISIFAKADEZHUANGSHIPIN,QISHANGSHIYIBUTONGSHULIANGDEZHUBAO,YICIZUOWEIQUBIESHEN

[1]

FEN、DIWEIDEBIAOZHI。JINYUEYILOUJINYUNDESHUMU、QISHANGDESHIWU,JINYUEHOUXIDEJIEDEBUTONGGUIDINGLAIJINXINGQUFENDENGJI;MANBAQIGUIZUFUNV,PINGRISHUQITOU,CHUANCHAOFUSHIDAICHAOGUAN,CHUANJIFUSHIDAIJIFUGUAN,HUANYOUYIZHONGLEISIGUANDETOUSHISHIZAICHUANCAIFUDERIZILIDAIDEJIAOZUODIANZI。DIANZISHIJIDENGYUSHIYIZHONGZHUCUIWEISHIDECAIGUAN。QIANRUFENGGUAN,HOURUBOJIXING,SHANGQIONGXIAGUANG,YITIESIHUOTENGZUOTAIGU,ZHICHENGGUJIA,WANGYIZAOSHA、HEICHOU、XIANWANG,HUOYIHEIRONGJIDUANTIAOZHAOZHI。QIANHOUJUNYIDIANCUIZHUSHIWEISHI,ZUOYILINGRONG、JUANHUAHEGELEISHILINGXIANHUA。DAIZAITOUSHANGSHIDINGWANGHOUQINGXIE。DIANYOUFENGDIAN、CHANGFUDIANLIANGZHONG。FENGDIANCAIZHIYOUJIN、YU、HONG、LANBAOSHI、ZHENZHU、SHANHU、HUPO、MANAO、LVSONGSHI、CUIYUDENG。DIANZISHIWEIMINGDAIYICUNDEGUANSHI;DINGDAISHIQINGCHAOGUANFUZHIDUZHONGTEYOUDEYIZHONGBIAOZHIPINXUDEFANGFA,SHIQINGCHAOYOUBIEYUYIWANGRENHECHAODAIDEPEISHIZHIYI。DINGDAISUCHENG“DINGZI,”SHIQINGCHAOYOUGUANJUEZHESUODAIGUANDINGXIANGQIANDEBAOSHI。ANZHAOQINGDAIFUSHIZHIDUDEGUIDING,QINGCHAOCONGHUANGDIDAOGEJIGUANYUAN,WULUNSHICHUANLIFU、JIFUHUOSHICHANGFU,DOUYAOZAISUODAICHAOGUANHUOJIFUGUANDEGUANDINGZHISHANGXIANGQIANGESEBAOSHIHESUJIN,YIBIAOSHICHUBENRENDEPINGUANDENGJI,YIBIANDENGWEI。DINGZIDE

金樽棋牌TOUSHISHIZHIZHENGGETOUBUDEZHUANGSHI。TAZAIGEMINZUDESHOUSHIZHONGYOUSHIZUIZHUYAO、ZUIFENGFUDEBUFEN,TONGSHIYESHIZUIYOUTESEDEBUFEN。QINGDAITOUSHISHIQUBIEYUYIWANGRENHECHAODAIDEJUYOUXIANMINGDEMINZUTEZHENG。ERSHISHITOUSHIDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,YESHIMANZUFUSHIDEBIAOZHIZHIYI。QINGDAIDEERSHIZHUYAOBAOKUOERZHUI、ERHUAN。SHANGZHIHUANGTAIHOU,XIAZHIQIPINMINGFU,JIEZUOYOUERGEDAISANJUERZHUI,SUCHENG“YIERSANQIAN”,SUOWEI“YIERSANQIAN”JIUSHIZAIMEIZHIERDUOYOUSHANGZHIXIAZHASANGEERYAN。SHANGZHIHUANGTAIHOU,XIAZHIQIPINMINGFUPEIDAIDEERSHI,JIEWEISANJUZONGXIANGPAI

SHOUGAORIQI:2009-03-10

JIJINXIANGMU:LIAONINGSHENGJIAOYUTINGKEYANXIANGMU(2009A256);LIAONINGSHENGSHEHUIKEXUEGUIHUAJIJINXIANGMU(L07bmz005)ZUOZHEJIANJIE:CENGHUI(1971—),NV,MANZU,BOSHI,FUJIAOSHOU,YANJIUFANGXIANG:ZHONGWAIFUSHISHI、MINZUFUSHIWENHUA。

—122—

DI5QI           CENG HUI:MANZUFUSHIWENHUADEBIANQIAN(ZHONG)YUANLIAOYIBAOSHIWEIZHU,YANSEYOUHONG、LAN、BAI、JINDENG。BUTONGDECAILIAOHEYANSESHIQUBIEGUANZHIDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI;QINGDAIDELINGZIFENWEIHUALINGHELANLING,HUALINGSHIYONGKONGQUEDELINGMAOZHICHENGDE,SUCHENGKONGQUELING,LINGWEIDUANYOUXIANGYANJINGERJICANLANXIANMINGDEYIQUANBANWEN,JIAOZUOYAN。YOUDANYAN、SHUANGYAN、SANYANHUALINGZHIBIE,YISANYANWEIZUIGUI,MEIYOUYANDEJIAOLANLING。LINGZICHAZAILINGGUANNEI,LINGGUANCHANGYUELIANGCUN,SHIYONGBAIYU、FALANGHUOFEICUIZUODE,JIECIANZHUANGLINGZI。

金樽棋牌2.XIANGSHIZHU、JIFUZHU。ZAIQINGDAI,SHENMERENYINGPEIDAICHAOZHU、PEIDAIHEZHONGZHIDIDECHAOZHUJIQICHAOZHUDEPEIDAIFANGFADENGJUNYOUZHUYANGEDEGUIDING。LINGYUESHIQINGDAIHOUFEIZHIMINGFUCHUANCHAOFUZHISHI,PEIDAIZAICHAOPAOPILINGZHISHANGDEYIZHONGYUANXINGLEISIXIANGQUANDEZHUANGSHIPIN,QISHANGSHIYIBUTONGDEZHUBAOJICHUIBUTONGYANSEDEJIANGYISHIQUBIE。

3.XIONGYAOSHI

CAISHUISHIQINGDAIHOUFEIZHIMINGFUCHUANCHAOFUZHISHIGUAZAICHAOGUADEDIERGENIUKOUSHANGCHUIYUXIONGQIANDECHANGTIAOJINSHISHIWU,SHIYIZHONGZHUANGSHIPIN,CHANGYUE1MISHANGXIA,SHANGZHAIXIAKUAN,SHANGDUANYOUGUAGOUHEDONGZHUHUOYUHUAN,GUAGOUKEJIANGCAISHUIGUAZAICHAOGUASHANG,HUANDEXIAMIANYOUSIJIANGSHUGEN,KEYIGUAZHEN(ZHEN)GUAN、XIAODAIZIZHILEI,XIADUANCHENGJIANJIAOXINGDECHANGTIAO,TAYISECAIJIYOUWUWENXIULAIQUFENDENGJI。CAISHUISHIYIBUTONGYANSEDECHOUZUOCHENG,XINGZHUANGYOUXIESILINGDAI。GENJUPEIDAIZHEDESHENFEN、DIWEIDEBUTONG,SHANGMIANYOUDEXIUZHIHUAWEN,YOUDEZEBUXIUZHIHUAWEN,YONGSEJIJIANGDEYANSEYEBUXIANGTONG;YAOSHIYESHIZHUANGSHIBUWEIZHIYI,TASHIRENTIDEZHONGJIANBUWEI,QIDAOCHENGSHANGQIXIADEZUOYONG。YINCI,YAOSHIBENSHENJIUCHENGWEIJISHIYONGYOUYOUZHUANGSHIYIYIDEFUSHIPEIWU,RENMENCHANGYAODUIQIJIAYIJINGXINDEZHIZUOZHUANGSHI。LINGWAI,YOUYUYAODAISUOCHUDETESHUWEIZHI,RENMENYOUWANGWANGBATAZUOWEIYIZHONGGONGJU,ZAISHANGMIANXUANGUASHENGCHANSHENGHUOZHONGCHANGYONGDEQIWUHEGEZHONGZHUANGSHIPIN。QINGDAI,YAOSHIDESHIYONGGONGNENGYIJINGXIAOSHI,ERSHIZUOWEIYIZHONGXIANGZHENG,YIGEFUHAO,SHENFENHEDIWEI、CAIFUYUZHIWEIDEBIAOZHI。QINGDAIDEYAOSHIZHUYAOYOUCHAOFUDAI、JIFUDAI、CHANGFUDAIHEXINGFUDAI。

4.ZUSHI

QINGDAIZUSHIYESHIZUIYOUMINZUTESEDEFUSHIZHIYI,YINZHEBUFENZHUYAOYANJIUQINGCHAOZHENGFUGUIDINGDEFUSHIZHIDUDENEIRONG,SUOYINVQIXIEBUFENJIANGFANGZAIHOUMIANJINXINGCHANSHU,ZHELIJIESHAODESHIQINGDAINANZIGUANYUANDEXUEXIE。

CHAOXUESHIQINGDAIJUNCHENYUCHAOHUI、JISI、ZOUSHIDENGSHISUOCHUAN

DECHANGTONGXIE。XUE,BENSHIHULV,YUANWEIWOGUOBEIFANGYOUMUMINZUSUOCHUANDEBIANYUCHENGQIBASHEDEPIZHILV。TIANCONGLIUNIAN(1632NIAN)GUIDING,PINGCHANGRENBUZHUNCHUANXUE,QIHOUZEWENWUGEGUANJISHISHUDOUKEYICHUAN,ZHIYOUPINGMINZERENGBUNENGCHUAN,LINGREN、PUCONGDENGYEBUNENGCHUANXUE。MINGQINGLIANGDAIDEXUE,YIBEICHAOTINGGUIDINGWEIWENWUBAIGUANRENCHAOBIFUBEICHENGZHIWEI“。,,,QISHANGXIANGYOU。ZAIQINGDAI,GENJUXUEDILIANGZHONG。GUANXUEDIHOUYOUCHANG,DUOWEIFANGXINGTOU,YONGYUJUNCHENCHAOHUIZHISHI,QUQIXINGZOUANWEN。GUANKUAIXUEZEDIBOYAODUAN,JIANTOUSHIJUDUO,YONGYUPINGSHIRICHANGSHENGHUO,QUQIXINGZOULINGBIANKUAIJIE。XUESEYOUHUANGSEHEQINGSELIANGZHONG,HUANGDIYONGHUANGSEHEQINGSELIANGZHONG,HUANGZIYIXIAWENWUBAIGUANJIEYONGQINGSEYIZHONG。

(SI)JUNRONGFUSHI

MANZUDEJUNRONGFUSHIBAOKUOJINDAIHEQINGDAIDEJUNRONGFUSHI。NVZHENZAOQIZHIYOUBINGQIERWUJIAZHOU,HOULAICONGLIAODEPANBINGNEILIDEDAOWUBAIJUTIEJIA,CONGCIKAISHIYOULEKAIJIAZHUANGBEI。ZAOQIDEKAIJIAZHIYOUBANSHEN,XIAMIANSHIHUXI,TOUKUIHENJIANGU。JINCHAOWUGUANDEGUANFUYILVWEIZISE,YIFUZHUANGMIANLIAOSHANGDEHUAWENDAXIAOLAIQUFENPINJI,PINJIYUEGAO,HUAWENYUEDA。RONGFUYANSEYOUZI、FEI、ZHU、HEIDENGSE,YIZHUWEIZHU,PUTONGSHIBINGDERONGFUYONGBAISEDEBIJIAODUO,JIANGXIAOJUNGUANDEPAOFUSHANG,XIONGQIAN、JIANXIUCHUHUANYONGJINXIANXIUSHANGHUAWEN,WEISHIQINJUNYIBANDOUCHUANTUANHUAJINPAO。YAODAIDEDAITINGYONGHONG、BAI、JIN、YINDENGSE。KAIJIAZEYIJIN、YINSEWEIZHU,CHUANLIANTIEJIADESIDAIHUOPITIAORANCHENGZI、HUANG、QINGDENGSE,CHENGZUO“ZIRONG”“QINGRONG”“HUANGRONG”,ZHUANGBEIZHEZHONGCAISEZUDAIBIANZHUIDETIEJIAJUNDUI,CHENG“ZIRONGJUN”“HUANGRONGJUN”,SHINVZHENBUDUIDEZHULI

[2]

。QINGDAIDEBAQIZHIDUSHIQINGTAIZU

NUERHACHIYU1615NIANCHUANGLI,FENWEIZHENGHUANG、ZHENGBAI、ZHENGHONG、ZHENGLAN、XIANGHUANG、XIANGBAI、XIANGHONG、XIANGLANBAQI。QINGRUGUANHOUYANXIQIZHI,BAQIBINGCHENGWEIQINGCHAOTONGZHIQUANGUOZUIZHONGYAODEWUZHUANGLILIANG。BAQIBINGSUOZHUFUZHUANGWEITOUDAINIUPIZHIXIUQIKUI,SHENCHUANJIAFU,JIAFUYOUSHANGYI、XIASHANG、ZUOYOUHUJIAN、ZUOYOUHUYEQIANDANGHEZUODANGZUCHENG。BAQIBINGDINGDEFUZHUANGYUSUOZAIQIDEYANSEXIANGDUIYING,YONGHUANG、HONG、LAN、BAISEJIXIANGBIANWEIBIAOSHIQUFENQISHU,QUANSHENYILVXIANGYOUTONGZHIPAODING。JU《QINGHUIDIAN》JIZAI,QINGCHAODEKAIJIJIAYOUMINGJIA、ANJIA、MIANJIA、TIEJIADENGJIZHONG。QINGJUNDEJUNGUANYIBANCHUANXUE,SHIBINGCHUANSHUANGLIANGXIEHUORUYITOUXIE。XUEYOUHOUDIHEBODILIANGZHONG,XUEHEXIEDOUSHIJIANTOU,BODIXUEWEIQIAO

—123—

金樽棋牌LIAODONGXUEYUANXUEBAO(SHEHUIKEXUEBAN)            DI11JUAN

JIAN。SHIBINGCHUANXIESHITUISHANGYAOGUOXINGCHAN,HUOYONGBUDAIJIANGKUKOUZHAJIN。YOUSHISHIBINGHEJIANGGUANHUANCHUANMAXIE、CAOXIE。QINGDAIDEKAIJIAZAIQIANQIHUANYONGYUZUOZHAN,ZHONGQIYIHOUCHUNCUIBIANCHENGLEZHUANGSHIBAISHE,ZHIYOUZAIYUEBINGDENGDIANLISHANGYOUSHIHUANSHIYONG,ZUOZHANSHIZHICHUANRONGFUHUOMIANJIA,GENBENBUCHUANKAIJIA。KAIJIAFEIQIBUYONGYIHOU,RONGFUCHENGLEJUNDUIDEWEIYIFUSHI。QINGDAIDERONGFUDOUSHIMANZUYIZHUANG。WUGUANYOUCHAOFU、MANGFU、BUFU、XINGPAODENGJIZHONGFUSHI。ZIGUANGXUSANSHIYINIAN(1905NIAN)CHANGFU,,,BUBINGYONGKUANJINPIXIE,YONGMABUGUOTUI;YIYOUBIANZHANG,YONGJINSETUANMANGBINGYIJINBIAN、HONGSIBIANDEDAOSHUDUOGUAWEIFENBIESHANGXIADENGJI。1907NIANDINGLUHAIJUNGUANZHI,1908NIANNIDINGXUNJINGFU。

SI、QINGDAIMANZUMINJIANFUSHI

QINGDAIMANZUMINJIANFUSHIZHUYAOSHIZHIQINGDAIDEQIRENFUSHI,WENZHONGSHEJIHEYANJIUDESHIQIRENFUSHI,QIZHONGBAOHANYIBUFENMEIYOUFUSHIZHIDUZHIYUEDEGONGTINGFUSHI。ZAIQINGDAI,QINGTONGZHIZHEJIANGQITONGZHIXIADERENMENFENWEIQIRENHEMINREN。QIRENBAOKUOBAQIMANZHOU、BAQIHANJUNHEBAQIMENGGU。BAQIHANJUNHEBAQIMENGGUSUIRANYUANBENBUSHIMANZU,DANSHIGUIRUDAOBAQIZHIDUZHONGSHOUQITONGYIGUANZHI,SUOYIZAIFUSHISHANGYINGSHITONGYIDEYANGSHI。YINCIWENZHONGSUOZHIDEMANZUMINJIANFUSHIZHIBAOKUOBAQIMANZHOU、BAQIHANJUNHEBAQIMENGGUDEFUSHI,SHIZHIGUANDINGFUSHIYIWAIDERICHANGSUOCHUANZHE,BAOKUOPINGUAN、DIJIDEYISHIJIPUTONGBAIXINGDEBIANFUFUSHI。XIAMIANJIANGDUIQINGDAIJUYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEJIZHONGMINJIANQIRENFUSHI,BAOKUOFUZHUANG、FASHIJIPEISHIJINXINGCHANSHU。

(YI)FUZHUANG

(JIQUEJIN)LILINGHUOYUANLINGDUOZHONGXINGSHIDEMAGUA,YONGZHENGSHICHUAN

金樽棋牌DERENRIYIZENGDUO。ZAIJIAQINGNIANJIAN,MAGUAWANGWANGYONGRUYITOUXIANGYUAN,DAOXIANFENG、TONGZHIJIANYOUZUODAXIANGDAYAN,GUANGXU、XUANTONGJIANYOUQIZAINANFANGBATAJIANDUANDAOQIBUZHISHANG,YANSEYONGBAOLAN、TIANQING、KUHUI,MIANLIAOYONGTIEXIANSHA、NI。MAGUAYOUCHANGXIU、,、,BUZUOMATISHIMAJIA”“JIN,,,。QINGDAIDE,CHANGYUYAOQI,YOUDUIJIN、DAJIN、PIPAJIN、RENZIJINJIYIZIJINJIZHONGKUANSHI。KANJIANMIANLIAOYONGCHOU、SHA、DUANDENG;YANSEYOUBAOLAN、TIANLAN、TIANQING、JIANGSE、YUANSE、NIJINSEDENG。KANJIANYOUMIAN、JIA、DAN、PI4ZHONG。ZHIZHIJINRI,KANJIANYESHIDANGJINSHEHUIRENMENXIAIDEFUSHIZHIYI;SHAN、PAOJIUSHIWOMENXIANZAISUOSHUODEQIPAO,SHIMANZUFUSHIZUIJUDAIBIAOXINGDEFUZHUANG。ZHEZHONGPAOSHIFUZHUANGSHIQINGDAINANNVLAOSHAO、CHUNXIAQIUDONGDOULIBUKAIDE。TAYOUDAN、JIA、MIAN、PIZHIFEN,CHUN、XIAJICHUANYONGDECHENGZHIWEISHAN,QIU、DONGJICHUANYONGDECHENGZHIWEIPAO,DANGSHIBINGBUJIAOZUOQIPAO,SHIQITAMINZUJIANGMANZU(QIREN)SUOCHUANDEPAOZICHENGWEIQIPAO。SHANPAODEJIBENYANGSHIHENJIANDAN:YUANLING、NIANJIN(DAJIN)、ZHAIXIU(YOUDEDAIMATIXIU)、SIMIANKAIQI,YOUKOUBAN。QIPAOSHISHIYINGSHENGHUOHESHENGCHANHUANJINGERFAZHANLAIDE,TAGAIBIANLEYIZHIYILAIZHONGYUANFUSHISHANGYIXIASHANG、KUANPAODAXIUDEFUSHIFENGGE。TADEZUIDAYOUDIANJIUSHISHIYINGMANZUQISHEHUODONGDEXUYAO。SUIZHUQINGCHAOSHEHUIDEBUDUANXIANGQIANFAZHAN,QIPAODESHIYANG、ZHUANGSHIXING、GONGNENGXINGYEFASHENGLEBIANHUA。QINGCHUQIPAO、SHANSHANGCHANG,SHUNZHIMOJIANDUANJIYUXI,QIHOUYOUJIACHANGZHISHANG,KANGXIZHONGQI,YIPAOYOUJIANDUAN,ERWAITAOZEJIANJIACHANG。PAO、SHANZAITONGZHISHIQIHUANBIJIAOKUANDA,XIUZIYOUYICHIDUOKUAN,GUANGXUCHUNIANYERUCI,ZHIJIAWU、GENGZIZHIHOU,BIANCHENGJIDUANJIJINZHIYAOSHENHEZHAIXIUDESHIYANG。SHANPAOYANSEDADUOWEIYUEBAI、HUSE、ZAOHONG、XUEQING、LAN、HUIZHUSE,YIBANDOUCHUANQIANSEDEZHUBUCHANGSHAN,DANZHUHUOJIAZHAOYUPAOXIANZHIWAI,XINGCHENGSHANGSHENSHEN(ZHIMAGUA、MAJIADESE)ERXIABANJIEQIANDESEDIAO。QIPAODE

金樽棋牌FUZHUANGZHUYAOBAOKUOMAGUA、KANJIAN、SHANPAO、CHENYI、CHANGYIHETAOKUDENGJIZHONG。MAGUASHIQINGDAINANZICHANGCHUANDEFUZHUANGZHIYI,SHIYIZHONGSHIMAOZHUANGSHU,GEJIERENSHIJUNXIAICHUANZHU。BUJINNANZICHUAN,NVZIYECHUAN,SHICHUANZAICHANGYIPAOSHANZHIWAI,BIWAIGUADUAN,CHANGJINJIYUQI,ZUOYOUJIHOUKAIXIEDEYIZHONGPAOGUA。MAGUAYUANWEIYIZHONGDUANXIU、DUIJINDEDUANSHANGYI,CHANGYUZUOQI,SHIWOGUOGUDAIBEIFANGYOUMUMINZUQIMAWANGONGDAJIAN、SHOULIEZHISHICHUANZAICHANGPAOWAIMIANDEYIZHONGDUANGUA,BINGYINCIERDEMING。QINGDINGDINGZHONGYUANYIHOU,MAGUAZHUJIANYOUPUSHIWUHUADESHIYONGXINGXIANGQIUMEIDEZHUANGSHIXINGZHUANHUA,CHENGWEIRENMENRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGSUOCHUANDECHANGFU。KANGXIYIHOU,DUIJINYUANLINGDEMAGUAFAZHANCHENGWEIJUYOUDUIJIN、DAJIN、PIPAJIN—124—

KAIQI,RUGUANHOUYEYOUBIANHUA,CONGSIKAIQIBIANWEILIANGKAIQI,HUOZHEBUKAIQI。SIMIANKAIQIDEQIPAOTONGJIANXIUYIYANG,HOULAIYESHIBEIZUOWEIYIZHONGSHENFENHEDIWEIDEXIANGZHENG;CHENYISHISUIZHUQIFUSHIZHIDUDEZHUJIANQUELIERCHANSHENGDEYIZHONGXINXINGDEFUZHUANG。ZHEZHONGXINXINGDEFUZHUANG,QICHUSHIZUOWEIYIZHONGNEIYI、JUYOUTESHUYONGTUERCHUXIANDE,SUOYICHENGWEICHENYI。QINGDAICHENYIDEJIBENXINGZHIWEIYUANLING、YOUREN、ZHISHEN、NIANJIN、PINGKOU、WUJU(KAIQI)DE

DI5QI           CENG HUI:MANZUFUSHIWENHUADEBIANQIAN(ZHONG)BIANPAO。XIUZIXINGSHIYOUSHUXIU(XIUCHANGZHIWAN)、BANKUANXIU(DUANKUANXIUKOUJIAJIEERCENGXIUTOU)LIANGLEI,XIUKOUNEIZAILINGJIASHIXIUTOU,YIRONGXIU、NASHA、PINGJIN、ZHIHUADEWEIZHU。YOUDELIANGKAIJU,YOUDESIKAIJU;CHANGYISHIQINGDAIHOUQICAICHUXIANDEYIZHONGNVSHIWAIYI,TADEJIBENXINGZHIWEIYUANLING、YOUREN、ZHISHEN、YIFEI、XIUKUANPINGERGAOGAOWANQI、ZUOYOUKAIJU。TASHIYOUZAOQIDEPAOYANBIANERLAI,SHIQIPAODEYIZHONG,YEYOURENCHENGZHIWEIQIPAO。CHANGYIHEWANXIUCHENYIDEZUIDAQUBIESHI:YEXIA,JU。,ZAILINGTUO、XIUKOU、XIABAIDOUXIANGGUNBUTONGSECAI、BUTONGGONGYI、BUTONGZHILIAODEHUABIAN、HUAJIANG、GOUYADENGDENG,YIDUOXIANGWEIMEI。XIANFENG、TONGZHIQIJIAN,JINGCHENGGUIZUFUNVYISHIXIANGGUNHUABIANDEDAOSHUYUELAIYUEDUO,YOU“SHIBAXIANG”ZHICHENG。ZHEZHONGYIXIANGGUNHUABIANWEIFUZHUANGZHUYAOZHUANGSHIDEFENGSHANG,YIZHIDAOMINGUOQIJIANRENGJIXULIUXING。CHANGYISHIQINGDAIHOUFEIMENBIANFUZHONGGUIGEZUIGAO、ZUIFUYOUZHUANGSHIXINGDEFUSHI,YESHIHOUFEIMENTANQINFANGYOU、JIEDAIKERENSUOCHUANDEYIZHONGDAIYOULIJIEXINGDEBIANZHUANG;TAOKUWEIMANZUTEYOUDEMINZUFUSHIZHIYI,DUOWEIXIACENGLAODONGRENMINSUOCHUAN,YIBANWEINANZISUOYONG,MANZUFUNVYECHUANYONG,ZHUYAOYONGYUYUHANHEBAONUAN。TAOKUSUIRANJIAOKUZI,DANBUSHIWANZHENGDEKUZI,JINYOULIANGTIAOKUTUI,MEIYOUPUTONGKUZIDESHANGBANDUAN,ERYONGLIANGTIAODAIZISUODAITI。YOUMIAN、JIA、DANZHIFEN,MIANLIAOYONGDUAN、SHA、CHOU、NIDENG。

FUZHUANGFUJIANBAOKUOLINGZIHEMATIXIU。LINGZIGURENJIAOLINGYI,SHIYIFUSHANGQIBAOHUJINGXIANGZUOYONGDEBUFEN。TASHIQINGDAINANNVYIFUZHONGBIBUKESHAODEYIGEZUCHENGBUFEN。ZAIQINGDAIZHIQIAN,ZHONGGUOFUZHUANGSHISHANGDEFUZHUANGJUNWULINGZI,ZHIDAOQINGDAI,LINGZISHOUXIANSHIZAIYUYISHANGYINGYONG。QINGDAIDEYIFUHELINGZIDOUSHIDANDUCUNZAIDE,ZHEZHONGLINGZISUCHENG“JIALING”,JIZAIJINGXIANGCHUFUJIAYITIAOLINGZI,SUOYIZAICHUANSHIDEQINGDAICHAOPAO、GUADENGFUSHISHANG,WOMENHENSHAOFAXIANLINGZI。ZHEZHONGLINGZIDECHANSHENG,TONGYANGSHIHEHUANJINGYOUGUAN。YUANLINGDEPAOSHANZAIHANLENGDEBEIFANGDONGJIHUITONGGUOJINGXIANGCHUGUANFENG,ERZHONGYUANFUSHIYOUWULINGKECANKAO,YINCI,MANZURENMINCHUANGZAOLELINGZI。ZHEZHONGLINGZIYILILINGWEIZUIXIANCHUXIAN,CHUXIANZAIYUYIZHONG,SHIYONGXINGSHITACHANSHENGBINGKAISHIYONGYUFUZHUANGDEZHUYAOYINSU。TONGZHI、GUANGXUSHIQI,LILINGKAISHIYINGYONGZAIKANJIAN、MAGUADENGBUTONGDEFUZHUANGSHANG,DANZHIXIANYUMINFU,GUANFUHUANBUDUOJIAN。

ZHIDAOQINGMO,LILINGHUANBUSHIBEIGUANGFANYINGYONG。MINGUOSHIQISHILILINGLIUXINGDEKAISHI,GEZHONGLILINGKUANSHIDEBIANHUACHENGWEINEISHISHISHANGDENVZHUANGBIAOZHIZHIYI。ZHIZHIJINRI,LILINGZAIGESHIFUZHUANGZHONGDALIANGCHUXIAN,QIYUANTOUDANGSHUQINGDAILILINGDEGONGXIAN;MATIXIUYEJIAOJIANXIU,MANYU“waha”,ZHONGYIXIU,。BANYUANXINGDE15LIMIZUOYOU,XINGSIMA,。MATIXIUDECHANSHENGYUANYUMANZURENMINSHENGHUOHESHENGCHANDEHUANJING。RUGUANQIAN,MANZUYIZHIYISHOULIESHENGHUOWEIZHU,WEILESHIYINGZAIHANLENGDEDONGJILIDALIEDEXUQIU,JIANGMATIXIUFUGAIZAISHOUSHANG,WULUNSHIQIMAHUANSHISHEJIAN,JUNKEBAOHUSHOUBEISHIQIBUZHIYUDONGSHANG。JINGUANZHIHOU,YOUYUMANZUSHENGHUOHUANJINGDEBIANHUA,QISHEZHIFENGYIZHUJIANSHUAIWEI,PAOGUASHANGDEJIANXIUYEBUZAIQIDAOYUANLAIDEZUOYONG,ERSHIZUOWEIYIZHONGLIJIEHESHENFENDEXIANGZHENG,PINGSHIJIANGXIUTOUWANQI,YUDAOXUXINGLISHI,BIANJIANGJIANXIUDANXIALAI,YISHIZHUANGZHONG、SHOULI。ZAIQINGDAI,MATIXIUZAIGEZHONGCHANGHEDEPAOFUZHONGJUNYOUTIXIAN。“80NIANDAI,ZHEZHONGXINGSHIZAIHEILONGJIANGSHENGDENONGCUNZHONG,TEBIESHIYOUXIELAONIANDE‘CHELAOBAN’YIXIUSHANGHUANKEKANDAO,YOUDESUISHENCHUANMIANAO,DANHUANTEYIJIECHUGEGOUPI、LANGPIHUOPAOPIDE‘XIUTOU’YIBAOHUSHOUBEI”。ZHIDAOJINTIAN,MATIXIUYIJINGZUOWEIYIZHONGFUSHIYUANSUYINGYONGZAIXIANDAIFUZHUANGSHEJIZHIZHONG。BIZHEZAI2005NIANGOUMAIDEYIJIANXIAJICHUANDECHENSHAN,JIUSHIMATIXIUDEYIZHONGBIANXINGSHEJI。KEYIKANCHU,FANSHIJUYOUSHENGMINGLIDEDONGXI,ZONGSHIHUIZAILISHIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGLIUCHUANXIALAIDE。

(ER)FASHI

[3]

FASHISHIGUDAIMINZUXINGXIANGDEBIAOZHI。MANZUNANZIDEFASHI,YANXILEJINDAIDEFASHIJIBIANFA。BIANFASHIWOGUODONGBEISHAOSHUMINZUCHANGJIANDEYIZHONGFASHI,DANBIANFADESHIYANG,YINGEMINZUBUTONGZEGEYOUGEDETEDIAN。JINDAINVZHENRENDEFASHISHIBANTIBANLIU,SUOWEIBANTIBANLIUJIUSHICONGEJIAOLIANGDUANYINYIZHIXIAN,JIANGZHIXIANYIWAIDETOUFAQUANBUTIQU,ZHILIULUHOUTOUFA,ZAIJIANGTABIANJIEWEIBIAN,CHUIYUNAOHOU。QINGCHAODINGDINGBEIJINGHOU,ZHEYIXISUZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEIYIQIANGZHIZHENGCETUIXING。CONGCIJUGUOSHANGXIA,QINGCHAONANZIBUFENMANHAN,YILVDOUSHITIFACHUIBIAN,ZHIDAOXINHAIGEMINGQINGCHAOFUMIE,ZHEZHONGFASHICAIGAOJIESHU;CHULEFUSHIWAI,MANZUFUNVDEFASHIYEYUHANZUFUNVBUTONG。QINGDAIMANZUFUNVDEFA

金樽棋牌CHANGYISHIZAIZUOYOUJUDESHANGDUANYONGKUANZHAIBUTONG、YANSE、HUAWENGEBUXIANGTONGDEHUAJIANG,DAZHEPANDINGCHENGDARUYITOU,ZUOYOUGEYIGE。

—125—

金樽棋牌LIAODONGXUEYUANXUEBAO(SHEHUIKEXUEBAN)            DI11JUAN

SHI,YUYIWANGRENHECHAODAIDOUBUXIANGTONG,JIJUBENMINZUDETEDIAN。QINGRUZHUZHONGYUANYIHOUDEYIDUANSHIJIANLI,MANZUFUNVDEFAXINGBINGMEIYOUMASHANGFASHENGBIANHUA。ERSHIRENGBAOCHIZHUCHUANTONGDE“BIANFAPANJI”SHI,BUGUANPINFUGUIJIANDOUSHIRUCI。DANSUIZHUQINGDAIGEFANGMIANLIYIZHIDUDEZHUBUQUELI,MANZUFUNVDE“BIANFAPANJI”SHIFAXINGBEIYIZHONGXINXINGDEFAXINGSUODAITI,JI“LIANGBATOU”。ZUICHUDE“LIANGBATOU”,SHIWEILESHIYINGXINJIANLIDELIYIZHIDUERCHANSHENGDEXINXINGFASHI,YINCI,QIANG。SUIZHUQINGDAIZHENGQUANDEGONGGU,,。SHI“LIANGBATOU”。MANZUFUNVJIANGQIJINXINGLEGAIGE,ZHEZHONGGAILIANGHOUDE“LIANGBATOU”,QIANMIANKEYIDAIJIDUOHUAHUIJIZHUJIE,CEMIANKECHUILIUSU,SHIYIZHONGJIMEIGUANYOUSHIYONGDEFAXING。XIANFENGYIHOU,ZHEZHONGFAXINGYOUZHUJIANZENGGAO,LIANGBIANDEJIAOHE“YANWEI”YEBUDUANKUODA,HENKUAIJIUYANBIANCHENGYIZHONGXINDEFAXING—“DALACHI”。“DALACHI”SHIYIZHONGSIBIANXINGDEGUAN。“DALACHI”DEXIABUSHIYONGTONGSICHANRAOERCHENGDEYIGEXIAOMAOXINGGUJIA,ZAIMAOXINGGUJIASHANGCHANCUXIBUTONGDEHEISIXIANHETOUFA,SHANGBUWEISHANXINGCHI,CHIYIHEISEDUANWEIBIAO,YUEBAISEDUANWEILI,DIECHENGCHANGFANGLIUBIANXINGSHANMIAN,SHANMIANDESHANGBIANPINGERZHI,XIABIANWEIHUXING,ZUOYOULIANGCEWEISANJIAOXING。SHANGZHUIGEZHONGHUAHUIJIJINYINZHUBAODENGSHOUSHI。QINGDAIDEMANZUFUNVSHUSHANGGAILIANGXING“LIANGBATOU”,DAISHANG“DALACHI”SHANXINGGUAN,SHANGCHAWUYANLIUSEDEHUAHUIJILINLANGMANMUDEZHUBAOSHOUSHI,SHENCHUANSHIMAODECHANGYI,JIAODENGGAODIXIE,JIMEIGUANPIAOLIANG,YOUDUANZHUANGDAFANG,ZOUQILULAIANGTOUTINGXIONG,XIANDECHENWENWENYA、ZHUANGZHONGSATUO

(SAN)PEISHI

[4]

金樽棋牌ZHANMAO、FENGMAO、PIMAO、LIANGMAOHEERTAO。ERTAOYOUCHENG“NUANER”“HUER”,SHIQINGDAIDUYOUDEYIZHONGPEISHI,SHIDONGJIYUHAN、BAOHUERDUODEYIZHONGSHIWU。YONGDUANHUOBUZHICHENG,HUOYONGMAOPIZUOBIANSHI

[5]

。

ZAIQINGDAI,,ER。YIN,,YIZHONGWEIPINGDI,YI,HOU4-5LIMI,QIANBUGAOGAOQIAOQI,QIAODEGAODUYUXIEMIANQIPING。CIZHONGPINGDIXIE,DUOWEIFANGKOU,YOUJIA、MIANZHIFEN,YANGSHICHUXIEDIQIANBUQIAOQIZHIWAI,BIECHUJUNHEWOMENXIANZAIYIXIENONGCUNNANZISUOCHUANDEFANGKOUQITOUBUXIEYIYANG。PINGDIXIEXIEMIANSHANGJUNXIUYOUGEZHONGGEYANGDEJINGMEIWENSHI。GAODIXIESHIQINGDAIZUIFUMINZUTESEDENVXIE。QIZUIDATEDIANSHIZAIXIEDIDEZHONGJIAN,JIJIAOXINDEBUWEIYOUYIGEGAOSHIDUOLIMIDEDI,GAODIJUNYONGNAHAODEJICENGXIBAIBUBIAOMENG。ZHEZHONGGAODIANQIXINGZHUANGKEFENWEIMATI、HUAPEN、YUANBAOSANZHONG。ANSHANGMATIDI,JIUJIAOMATIDIXIE;ANSHANGHUAPENDI,JIUJIAOHUAPENDIXIE;ANSHANGYUANBAODI,JIUJIAOYUANBAODIXIE。XIEDEMINGCHENGSHIGENJUXIEDIDEXINGZHUANGERJIAODE。XIEMIANDUOXIUGEZHONGHUAHUIJIDONGWUWENTUAN。ZHEZHONGGAODIXIEYOUJIA、YOUMIAN。JIAXIEDUOWEIDUANLIANCHANGKOU,MIANXIEDUOWEICHANGLIANJINKOULUOTUOANSHIXIE,QINGDAIMANZUBAIXINGJIADEFUNVPINGSHISUOCHUANZHUDEQIXIEWEIPINGDIXIE,ZAIJIEHUNHUOJIERIDENGQINGDIANHUODONGSHICAICHUANZHUGAODIXIE。QINGDAINVXIEHUANYOUYIZHONGXINGSHIWEIBIANXIE,YOUBOYECHENGXIUHUAXIE。DIJIAOQIXIEYAOBO,BIANYUXINGZOU。YONGDUAN、RONG、BUZHICHENG,XIEMIANQIANERZHAI,XIEBANGYOUCIHUAHUOXIETOUZUORUYITOUWAYUNSHI,XIEMIANZUODANLIANGHUOSHUANGLIANG。

HEBAOYOUCHENGXIANGNANG、XIANGHEBAO、JINNANG、XIANGDAIDENG,ZAIHANDAIYIQIANJIUYOU,SHENGXINGYUTANGDAIYIHOU。MANZUDEHEBAOJINGLILEYIGECONGSHIYONGDAOMEIGUAN、MIANLIAOSHANGCONGPIGEDAOLINGLUOCHOUDUANDEGUOCHENG。HEBAOSHENGXINGQILAISHIMANZURUGUANYIHOU。ANMANZUZUXIANNVZHENRENDECHUANTONGSHENGHUOXISU,WAICHUXINGLIESHIDOUZAIYAOJIANXIGUA“FADOU”(fadu),JIUSHIFAZHANDAOQINGDAISHIDEHEBAOXIANGNANG。YOUQINGYIDAI,SHANGZHIHUANGDIXIAZHINUPU,DOUXIHUANDAIHEBAO。QINGDAIHEBAOHUASEPINZHONGZHIDUO,YINGYONGFANWEIZHIGUANG,CHAOYEZHONGSHIDECHENGDU,CHAOGUOLELISHISHANGRENHECHAODAI。QINGDAIDEHEBAOXINGZHUANGFANDUO,YOUXINXING、TAOXING、HULUXING、SHUJUANXINGDENG,HEBAOSHANGDADOUXIUYOUTUANHUOWENZI,WENYANGZHUYAOSHIHUANIAOCHONGYU,SHIERSHUXIANGHEXIANGQINRUISHOU,YIJIXIQUGUSHI、LIANPU、FENGJING、BO

[6]

。

金樽棋牌ZAN、CHAI、BUYAO、ERWAZAN、BIANFANGSHIMANZUFUNVPEIDAIZAITOUSHANGDEJIZHONGSHIWU,TAMENJUNYOUZANSHOUHETINGLIANGBUFENZUCHENG,ZAIZANSHOUYIZHUCUI、BAOSHI、DIANCUI、LEISIDENGGONGYIZHICHENGHUAMEIDEHUASHI。QINGDAIDEDABIANFANGCHANGZANSHIMANZUFUNVTOUSHIZHONGBUKEQUESHAODEYIZHONGSHOUSHI,YIBANWEICHANGFANGTIAOXING,YOUCHANGYOUDUAN,CHANGDEYUE30-35LIMI,DUANDEYUE12-15LIMI,KUANYUE7LIMI,GUANYUFAJIZHIZHONG。BIANFANGYOUBAIYU、TONGDUJIN、CHENXIANGMU、DAIMAOHUOCUIYUDENGZHILIAOZHIFEN;QINGDAIMAOSHIDEPINZHONGJIAODUO,KENENGGENQINGDAINANZIDEFASHIYOUGUANXI。CONGLISHICUNLIUXIALAIDETUPIANZILIAOLAIKAN,QINGDAINANZIJUEDABUFENDOUYOUDAIMAOZIDEXIGUAN。BULUNSHI《MANZHOUSHILU》,HUANSHIKANGXI、QIANLONG《WANSHOUSHENGDIANTU》,BULUNSHIXIESHIHUIHUA,HUANSHISHEYINGZHAOPIAN,JUNFANYINGLEZHEYISHEHUIFENGSU。MAOFENXIAOMAO(XIGUAPIMAO)、—126—

DI5QI           CENG HUI:MANZUFUSHIWENHUADEBIANQIAN(ZHONG)GUTUDENG。WENZIDUOWEIJIXIANGYONGYUHEZHUFUDESONGCI。JINDAIYILAI,SUIZHUSHEHUIDEBIANQIANHESHENGHUODEXIANDAIHUA,HEBAODEYINGYONGFANWEIYUELAIYUEXIAO,ZHIZUODERENYEYUELAIYUESHAO,ZHESHIZHENGGEMINZUMINJIANWENHUASHENGTAISHIHENGHEWENHUASHUITULIUSHIDEYIGEBIAOXIAN。

(SI)SAMANFUSHI

SHIPANDUANSAMANSHENXIDEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI,YESHISAMANSHENLI、ZIGEDEBIAOZHI。MANZUSAMANDUOYISHENNIAOTONGLINGSHENXI,SHENMAOSHANGSHENNIAOSHULIANGDEDUOSHAO,BIAOZHIZHUSAMANZILIHESHENLIDEGAODI。SAMANSHENMAOYOUMAOTUO、MAOJIAHEGEZHONGMAOSHIZUCHENG。MAOTUODUOWEIHONGSEMIANZHIPIN,XINGZHUANGLEISI“GUAPIMAO”,HUISHU、XIANGSHU,,,,YOUDEQUANSHENPISHIDASHUBAIJIANZHIDUO,YICIXIANGZHENGYUZHOUJIANDEGEZHONGSHENGMINGWUZHI,TIANJIASHENDEWEILI

[7]

金樽棋牌SAMANJIAOSHIYIZHONGYUANSHIZONGJIAOXINGTAI,TACENGZAIWOGUOBEIFANG、PILINDEXIBOLIYANAIZHIGENGDAFANWEINEIDEZHONGDUOMINZUZHONGGUANGWEILIUCHUAN,BINGDUIZHEXIEMINZUDESHEHUILISHIXIANJIAOSHAO,。YINCI,YANJIUQINGDAIDESAMANFUSHIJIANGSHIZHEBUFENDEZHUYAONEIRONG。MANZUSAMANFUSHIJIBENXINGZHIWEIHONGSEDUIJINWUXIUQIXINGSHAN,YIBANWEIMIANBUZHIDI,XIANGZHENGXINGCHEN。MANZUDASAMANPEIDAIDESHENMAO

CANKAOWENXIAN:

金樽棋牌。BIZHEZAIJILINYITONGMANZUZIZHIXIANMANZUBOWUGUANZHONG

JIANDAODESAMANSHENFUSHIJUYOUJIBAINIANLISHIDEYITAOSAMANFUSHI。

金樽棋牌[1]CENGHUI.MANZUFUSHIWENHUADEBIANQIAN(SHANG)[J].LIAODONGXUEYUANXUEBAO:SHEHUIKEXUEBAN,2009,11(4):98-105.[2]LIUYONGHUA.ZHONGGUOGUDAIJUNRONGFUSHI[M].SHANGHAI:SHANGHAIGUJICHUBANSHE,2003:149.[3]WANGYUNYING.QINGDAIMANZUFUSHI[M].SHENYANG:LIAONINGMINZUCHUBANSHE,1985:74.[4]ZONGFENGYING.QINGDAIGONGTINGFUSHI[M].BEIJING:ZIJINCHENGCHUBANSHE,2003:182.

[5]CENGHUI.JICHENGYUFAZHAN、PENGZHUANGYURONGHE———LIAONINGSHENGMANZUMINJIANFUSHIDIAOCHA[J].LIAODONGXUEYUANXUEBAO:SHEHUIKEXUEBAN,2007,9(6):115-120.

[6]BAOQUANWAN.ZHONGGUOMINJIANHEBAO[M].TIANJIN:BAIHUAWENYICHUBANSHE,2005:42.

金樽棋牌[7]DUANMEI.DONGFANGNISHANG———JIEDUZHONGGUOSHAOSHUMINZUFUSHI[M].BEIJING:MINZUCHUBANSHE,2004:326.

(ZERENBIANJI:JUYANQING)

DressCultureEvolutionofManchuNationality(Ⅱ)

ZENGHui

(CollegeofClothingandTextile,EasternLiaoningUniversity,Dandong118003,China)

金樽棋牌Abstract:Onthebasisofcollectionofahugeamountofhistoricalliteratureandextensivefieldinvestigation,thedresscultureevolutionwasexploredwithmethodsofliteratureanalysis,fieldsurveyandmulti-subjectsynthe2sis.FromtheancestoroftheManchunationalitytotheNuzhennationalityoftheJinDynasty,fromtheManchuna2tionalityintheQingDynastytotheminthetimeoftheRepublicofChinaandthentocontemporaryChina,thede2velopmentoftheManchu’sdressandthechangeofthedressculturewereinvestigatedonatimesequence.Itissummarizedthatthecreation,developmentandchangearebasedonfourtheoreticalplatformsincludingthecombi2nationofpracticalityandaesthetics,theunityofmarkandsymbol,themulti-varianceintegrationandculturalconsciousness,andthefusionofinherit,developmentandinnovation.

金樽棋牌Keywords:Manchu;dress;culturalevolution

—127—

范文四:作文:苗族的服飾

MIAOZUDEFUSHI

金樽棋牌NIMENZHIBUZHIDAOMIAOZU,ZHIBUZHIDAOMIAOZUDEFUSHI,JINTIANWOJIUDAINIMENJIANSHIJIANSHI!

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金樽棋牌MIAOZUDEFUSHIZHENSHIYANGSHIDUO,WAIGUANMEIA!

范文五:從滿族傳統服飾的變遷分析滿族文化

ZHAI YAO:SUIZHUZHONGGUOLISHIDEBUDUANFAZHAN,MANZUDEJINGJI、SHEHUI、WENHUASUIZHIBIANHUA,ERCHUANTONGFUSHIZUOWEIMANZUWENHUADEZHONGYAOGOUCHENG,WULUNSHIZAIFUSHIZHIDU、GONGNENGSHANG,HUANSHIZAIFUSHICAIZHI、YANGSHI、LEIXINGSHANG,JUNZAIWENHUAGUANNIANDEYINGXIANGXIAYOUSUOBIANQIAN,KEYISHUOMANZUCHUANTONGFUSHIDEBIANQIANFANYINGZHUQIWENHUADEBIANQIAN。DUICI,BENWENYIMANZUCHUANTONGFUSHIBIANQIANWEIQIERUDIAN,JIUMANZUWENHUAJINXINGLEFENXI。

金樽棋牌GUANJIANCI:MANZUCHUANTONGFUSHI;BIANQIAN;MANZUWENHUA

ZHONGTUFENLEIHAO:J523 WENXIANBIAOSHIMA:A WENZHANGBIANHAO:1005-5312(2013)24-0157-01

YI、MANZUCHUANTONGFUSHIGAISHU

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SI、JIESHUYU

ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,MANZUCHUANTONGFUSHIYUNHANZHUFENGFUERSHENKEDEWENHUANEIHAN,SHIRENWENHUANJINGYINSUDEKEHUAHEJIDIAN,JIYUDUIQIDEYANJIU,WOMENKEYIGENGJIAZHIGUANDEFENXI、RENZHIQIMINZUWENHUA,YINCIMANZUCHUANTONGFUSHIZUOWEIWENHUADEYIGEZHONGYAOFUHAO,WOMENYINGJIAYIHELIDEBAOHU,JINERWEIHONGYANGZHONGGUOMINZUYOUXIUWENHUATIGONGJIEJIAN。

CANKAOWENXIAN:

[1]WANGZHONGHUAN.CONGMANZUCHUANTONGFUSHIBIANQIANKANMANZUWENHUAGUAN[D].HEILONGJIANGDAXUE,2012(05).

范文六:從滿族服飾變遷看滿族文化觀

CONGMANZUFUSHIBIANQIANKANMANZUWENHUAGUAN

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金樽棋牌GUANJIANCI:MANZUFUSHI BIANQIAN WENHUAGUAN

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1、GUSHOUYUBAOHU

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范文七:從滿族服飾變遷看滿族文化觀

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1、DUIWAILAIWENHUADEFANDUIYUPAICHI

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TIFAYIFU MANZU“TIFAYIFU”ZHEYITONGZHIZHENGCEJIANGMANZURUGUANZHICHUDE“PAICHITAIDU”TIXIANDILINLIJINZHI,MANZURUGUANZHICHU,SHIXINGYUHANMINZU“SHENTIFAFUSHOUZHIYUFUMU,BUKEHUISHANG”ZHEZHONGCHUANTONGGUANDIANJIERANXIANGFANDETONGZHIZHENGCE,QINGJUNRUGUANZHIHOUCENGYIDUYAOQIUSUOYOUHANREN“TIFAYIFU”,DUIHANRENSHIXING“LIUFABULIUTOU、LIUTOUBULIUFA”DETONGZHIZHENGCE,GENJU《QINGCHAOYESHIDAGUAN》JIZAI:SHIZUDENGJIZHICHUBANBU“TIFAZHILING”,YAOQIU:“WENSHISHIXIXIAGEXIAN,YOULIUTOUBULIUFA,LIUFABULIUTOUZHIYU,LINGTIFAJIANGFUDANYOUXINGYUSHI,JIANXUFAZHEZHIERTIZHI,SHAOYIDIKANG,JISHAERXUANQITOUYUDANZHIGANSHANG,YISHIZHONG。SIHOUTIFADANYOUYIZHUCHULIRUOQIGANRANZHE,YOUQIYIZHI。”[1]ZHEYISHIQI,MANZUTONGZHIZHESHISUOYOUHANRENZHUMANZUCHUANTONGFUSHI、LIUMANZUCHUANTONGFASHI,FUSHIFENGGEBIXUYANGEANZHAOMANZUFUSHIJINXINGCHUANZHU,DUIWAILAIWENHUADEPAICHITAIDUYOUWEIMINGXIAN。

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金樽棋牌2、DUIWAILAIWENHUADEKAIFANGYUBAORONG

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(1)FUSHIYANGSHIDEDUOYANGHUA

金樽棋牌SUIZHUYOUQINGYIDAIMANZUZHENGQUANDEJIANLI,MANZUFUSHIZAIBAOLIUQIGUYOUDEMINZUTESEZHIWAI,BUDUANJIEJIAN、RONGHEHANMINZUJIQITASHAOSHUMINZUFUSHIWENHUADEJINGHUA,FAZHANBENMINZUFUSHIWENHUA,GEBIEFUSHIYANGSHIFASHENGLEBIANHUA,GAIBIANLEMANZUJINSHENZHAIXIU、SHIYONGXINGQIANGDEFUSHITEZHENG,KAISHIJIESHOUBINGSHIJIANHANMINZUKUANYIDAXIU、ZHUANGSHIXINGQIANGDEFUSHIWENHUA,MANZUZHUJIANSANGSHILEBENMINZUCHUANTONGFUSHIWENHUATEZHENG。

QIPAO QIPAOSHIMANZUZUIJUDAIBIAOXINGHESHENMEIXINGDEFUSHIZHIYI,YINQIDUJUDESHENMEIMEILIERZAIQUANGUOFUNVZHONGGUANGFANLIUXINGQILAI,ZHIJINWEISHUAI,BINGXIANGYOU“GUOFU”ZHIMEIYU。QIPAOMANYUCHENG“YIJIE”(ijie)。GUSHIFANZHIMANZHOU、MENGGU、HANJUNBAQINANNVCHUANDEPAOFU,PAOZIMANYUWEI“XIJIGAN”(sijigiyan),ZHESHIYIZHONGPUBIANCHUANZHUDEFUSHI,CHUNXIAQIUDONGSIJIJUNKECHUANZHU,WULUNNANNVLAOSHAO、PINFUGUIJIANDOUKEYIGENJUZIJIDEXUYAOHEXIHAOJINXINGSHEJIHECHUANZHU。

金樽棋牌QUNZHUANG MANZUFUNVDEQUNZHUANGYEJIJUMANZUTESE,TONGYANGSHOUDAOHANMINZUFUSHIWENHUAGENSHENDIGUDEYINGXIANG,QUNZIMANYUCHENG“HUOXIHAN”(huusihan)。MANZUFUNVQUNZHUANGDEDUDAOZHICHUBIANSHISHIYONGXINGYUSHENMEIXINGBINGZHONG,JIMEIGUANYOULIBU。QUNZHUANGWUNIANLING、SHENFENDEXIANZHI,GONGZHONGFUNVCHUAN,MINJIANFUNVYECHUAN,ZHISHIZAIHUASE、CAIZHISHANGLVEYOUCHABIEERYI。MANZUFUNVXICHUANQUNZHUANGBINGQIEQUNZIDUOYICHANGQUNWEIZHU。

JIEYU:

ZAIMANZUCHUANTONGFUSHIWENHUAFAZHANBIANQIANGUOCHENGZHONGQIJUEDINGXINGZUOYONGDEJIAZHIQUXIANGSHIKAIFANGYUBAORONG,TAZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGRONGRULEHANMINZUFUSHIWENHUAYUANSU,XISHOULEHANMINZUCHUANTONGFUSHIWENHUAJINGSUI,XINGCHENGJUYOUXIANMINGMINZUTESEDEFUSHIWENHUA。“MANZUWENHUAGUAN”DEKAIFANGXINGYUBAORONGXINGYIFANGMIANSHIHANMINZUJIQITASHAOSHUMINZUWENHUACHONGJIDEJIEGUO;LINGYIFANGMIANZESHIMANZUWENHUAZISHENFAZHANDEBIRANZOUXIANG,ZHESHI“WENHUAZIJINHUA”DAOZHIDE,“WENHUAZIJINHUA”SHIYIGEDONGTAIDEGUOCHENG,SHIBIRANFASHENGDEWENHUABIANQIANXIANXIANG。

范文八:民族服裝之滿族服飾文化

金樽棋牌MINZUFUZHUANGZHIMANZUFUSHIWENHUA

YI.MINZUGAIKUANG

金樽棋牌ZAIWOGUOJILINSHENGDEDONGBU,YOUYIZUOSHENQIXIUMEIDECHANGBAISHAN。MEIDAODONGJI,SHANSHANGDOUBEIAIAIBAIXUEFUGAIZHU,YUANYUANWANGQU,YINZHUANGSUGUO,GEWAIZHUANGLI,YINCIRENMENCHENGTAWEI“BAISHAN”。ZAIHEILONGJIANGSHENGDEBEIBU,YOUYITIAOZIXIXIANGDONGNANLIUDEHEILONGJIANG,JIANGSHUIMOLVDEJINHUHEISE,FANGFOYITIAOHEILONGZAIFANGUN,YINCIRENMENBATAJIAOZUO“HEISHUI”。BAISHANHEISHUIZHIJIANSHIYIWANGWUJIDEDONGBEIDAPINGYUAN,ZHELIYUNYULEYIGEQINLAOYONGGAN、YOUZHUYOUJIULISHIDEMINZU——MANZU。ZAIWOGUOGUDAIDIANJILI,CENGJIZAIGUOYIGEJIAO“SUSHEN”HUO“XISHEN”DEBULUO,ZHEJIUSHIMANZUDEZUXIAN。SUSHENRENHENZAOJIUSHENGHUOZAIHEILONGJIANG、SONGHUAJIANGLIUYU,TAMENYIYOULIEWEISHENG,BINGQIEYISHANZAOGONGJIANWENMING。ZHOUCHAOSHI,SUSHENBULUOJIUTONGZHONGYUANYOULEWANGLAI。ZAIWEIJINSHIQI,SUSHENBULUODESHILIYIFAZHANDAOHEILONGJIANGLIUYUDEGUANGDADIQU。NANBEICHAOSHISUSHENYOUCHENGWEI“WUJI”,SUIZHITANGCHUCHENGWEI“MOHE”,ZAILIAO、JINSHIQIYOUCHENGWEINVZHEN,BINGYUGONGYUAN1115NIAN~1234NIANJIANLILEJINCHAO。MANZUJIUSHIYOUNVZHENRENZHUJIANYANHUA,ZAIMINGCHAOMOQIXINGCHENGDEMINZU。GONGYUAN17SHIJICHU,NVZHENRENNUERHACHIZHUJIANTONGYILENVZHENGEBU,NVZHENGEBUXIANHOUBIANCHENG“BAQI”。GONGYUAN1644NIAN,BAQITIEQIRUGUAN,ZHANLINGBEIJING,XIJUANDAJIANGNANBEI,JIANLIQIJIANGYUKONGQIANLIAOKUODEQINGDIGUO。ZHESHIMANZULISHISHANGZUIXINGSHENGDESHIQI。MANZUYOUZIJIDEYUYANHEWENZI。MANYUSHUAERTAIYUXIMAN--TONGGUSIYUZUMANYUZHI,MANWENSHI16SHIJIMOYIMENGWENZIMUWEIJICHUCHUANGZHIDE。HOUYOUZAIZIMUYOUBIANHUOJIAQUAN,HUOJIADIAN,SHICHENG"YOUQUANDIANDEMANWEN"HUO"XINMANWEN"。YOUYUQINGDAIYILAIMANZURENDALIANGQIANRUZHONGYUANDIQU,ZAIJINGJI、WENHUA、SHENGHUOSHANGYUHANZUJIAOWANGMIQIE,MANZURENMINZHUJIANXIYONGHANYUWEN。MANZURENXINFENGDUOZHONGZONGJIAO,GUOQU,MEIFENGJIZU、JITIAN,YAODAISHANGSHENMAO,CHUANSHANGQUNZI,XISHANGSHOULING,YIBIANQIAOGU,YIBIANTIAOWU,YIBIANQIDAO。 MANZUXIANZAIZHUYAOFENBUZAIWOGUODEDONGSANSHENG,YILIAONINGSHENGZUIDUO,LINGWAIZAINEIMENGGU、HEBEI、SHANDONG、XINJIANGDENGSHENG、ZIZHIQUYIJIBEIJING、CHENGDOU、LANZHOU、FUZHOU、YINCHUAN、XIANDENGDAZHONGCHENGSHIJUNYOUSHAOSHUSANJUMANZU。RENKOUDAYUEYOU982.1WANDUO,TAMENZHUYAOCONGSHINONGYE,QIZHONGSANJUCHENGSHIDEMANZURENDADUOCONGSHIGONGYEHEWENHUAKEXUESHIYE。MANZUZHONGSHIJIAOYU,CHONGSHANGLIXUE,SHANYUXUEXI,WENRENBEICHU。DUIFENGFUHEFAZHANZHONGHUAMINZUDEZIRANKEXUEHEWENXUEYISHU,DOUYOUTUCHUGONGXIAN。

ER.TESEWENHUA

金樽棋牌MANZUSHIYIGESHIFENZHUZHONGLIJIEDEMINZU。GUOQU,XIAOBEIDUILAOBEISHISANTIANYIXIAOLI,WUTIANYIDALI,MEIGESANTIANYAOGEICHANGBEIQINGAN,GEWUTIANJIANLECHANGBEIYAO“DAQIAN”。ZHE“DAQIAN”DELIJIEFEICHANGQITE。NANRENDAQIANSHIYAOHAYAO,YOUSHOUTONGSHIXIASHEN,ZUOSHOUFUXI,XIANGSHIDONGXIDEYANGZI;NVRENDAQIANSHIYAOSHUANGSHOUFUXIXIADUN。QINYOUXIANGJIAN,BUFENNANNV,DOUXINGBAOYAOJIEMIANDEDALI。 MANZUDEHUNLIJIDAIYOUNONGHOUDEBENMINZUTEDIAN,YOURONGHELEBUSHAOHANMINZUDEFENGSULIJIE。SHOUXIANYAODINGHUN、FANGDING(JI,DICAILI),ZHIHOUZAI JIEHUNQIANYIRI,SONGQINDEYAOHE“YINGFENGJIU”。XINNIANGZELIJIADAONANFANGJIEHAODEYUSUOZHUSU,SUCHENG“DAXIAFA”。CIRIQINGCHEN,NVFANGJIAYONGCAICHESONG

QIN,YOUQIGEGEHUSONG。CAICHEDAOXINLANGJIASHI,DONGFANGMENQIANDEDISHANGFANGYOUYIHUOPEN,RANGXIJIAOTAIZHUXINNIANGCONGHUOPENSHANGJINGGUO,SUCHENG"GUOHUOBIXIE"。WEIGANZOUHUOSHASISUIJIAOERLAIDEGUIGUAI,XINLANGYAOXIANGJIAOMENXUSHESANJIAN;YEYOUSHISHEDE,DANYIBANDOUSHICHAOJIAODISHE,YIMIANSHANGZHUXINNIANG。XINNIANGBEIRENFUCHUJIAOHOUDAOTIANDIQIAN,TONGXINLANGYITONGXIANGBEISANKOUSHOU,SUCHENG“BAIBEIDOU”。BAIWANBEIDOUHOUJUXING“PIEZHAN”YISHI,JITOUDAIHONGGAITOUDEXINNIANGHEXINLANG,MIANCHAONANGUIZAIYUANZHONGDESHENZHUOQIAN,ZHUOSHANGGONGZHUZHOUYIFANG、JIUSANZHONG、JIANDAOYIBA,SAMANDANTUIGUIZAIZHUOQIAN,YIMIANYONGMANYUNIANJING,YIMIANYONGJIANDAOBAROUGECHENGPIANPAOXIANGKONGZHONG,TONGSHIDUANJIUZHONGQIBAJIUPODAODISHANG。ZHUYAOMUDESHIQIQIUSHANGCANGBAOYOUXINHUNFUFU,SHITAMENZISUNMANTANG,BAITOUXIELAO。JUXINGWANYISHANGZHEXIEYISHIHOU,XINNIANGYOUQUANKEREN(JIFUMUZINVJUQUANDEREN)CHANJINDONGFANG。XINNIANGGUOMENKANSHI,ZAIMENKANSHANGFANGYOUYIFUMAAN,XINNIANGBIXUCONGSHANGMIANKUAGUOQU。XINFANGDECHUANGPUBIXUQUANKERENPUSHE,DONGFANGPUHAOHOUYAOZAIFANGNEIZOULE,CHENG“XIANGFANG”。XINNIANGRUDONGFANGSHI,YIXIAONVHAISHOUNALIANGMIANTONGJING,DUIXINNIANGZHAOYIXIA,RANHOUBATONGJINGGUAZAIXINNIANGDEQIANXIONGHOUBEI。JIEZHU,LINGYIXIAONVHAIDIGUOLIANGZHIXIHU,LIMIANSHENGYOUMI、QIANDENG,XINNIANGHUOBAOZAIHUAILI,HUOJIAZAIYEWO,SUCHENG“BAOBAOPING”,YOUJIAO“BAOBAOMEIHU”。ZAIJIEGAITOUHOU,FUQIHEJIAOBEIJIU,CHIHEXIMIAN、CHANGSHOUMIANHUOZISUNBOBODENG。 MANZUZIGUHAOGEWU,GUDAIWUDAODUOYOUSHOULIE、ZHANDOUDEHUODONGYANHUAERLAI。CIWAIMANZUMINJIANYOUXUDUOTIYUYUYULEHUODONG。"XUEDIZOU"YU"CAIZHENZHU"BIANSHIQIZHONGDELIANGXIANG。"XUEDIZOU"WEINVZICHUANTONGTIYUHUODONG,CANSAIZHEXUSHENZHUQIPAO,JIAOCHUANGAODIQIXIEJINGZOU,YIXIANDAODAZHONGDIANZHEWEISHENG。YINCHUANGAODIXIEZOULURUTAXUEXINGERDEMING。ZHENZHU,MANYUCHENG"NICHUHE",MANZURENSHIZHIWEIGUANGMINGHEXINGFUDEXIANGZHENG。JUSHUO,GUOQUMANZUDEXIANMINNVRENCENGZAIMUDANJIANGLICAIZHENZHU,CIHUODONGBIANSHIMOFANGZHEZHONGSHENGCHANLAODONGERXINGCHENGDE。QIYUNDONGQICAIJIANDAN,DUICHANGDIDEYAOQIUYEBUYANGE,FEICHANGSHIHEMINJIANKAIZHAN,JUYOUGUANGFANDEQUNZHONGXING。

SAN.FUSHIJUJIAO

金樽棋牌MANZUDEFUSHISECAIDUOYIDANYADEBAISE、LANZISEWEIZHU,HONG、FEN、DANHUANG、HEISEYESHIQIFUSHIDECHANGYONGSE。ZAICHUANTONGSHANG,MANZUYOUSHANGBAIDEXISU,YIBAISEWEIJIE、WEIGUI,BAISEXIANGZHENGZHUJIXIANGRUYI。RUGUANHOU,YOUYUCHANGQIYUHANZUZAJU,MANZUDEFUSHIZAIKUANSHISHANG、SECAISHANGHETUANSHANGDOUYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEYANBIAN。

GUOQUMANZUNANZILIUFASHUBIAN,CHUANMATIXIUPAOGUA,CHANGDAIYIZHONGMINGWEI"GUAPIMAO"DEXIAOMAO。GUAPIMAO,YOUCHENG"MAOTOUER",QIXINGZHUANGSHANGJIANXIAKUAN,WEILIUBANFENGHEERCHENG。DIBIANXIANGYIGEYUE3LIMIKUANDEXIAOYAN,YOUDESHENZHIWUYAN,ZHIYONGYIPIANZHIJINDUANBAOBIAN。DONGCHUNSHIYIBANYONGHEISUDUANWEIMIAN,XIAQIUZEDUOYONGHEISHIDISHAWEIMIAN。MAODINGZHUIYOUYIGESIRONGJIECHENGDEGEDA,HEIHONGBUYI,SUCHENG"SUANPANJIE"。MAOYANXIAFANGDEZHENGZHONGDINGYOUYIGE"BIAOZHI",CHENG"MAOZHENG",YOUZHENZHU、MANAODE,YEYOUXIAOYINPIAN、BOLIDE。XIANGCHUANZHEZHONGMAOZUIZAOSHIYUMINGTAIZUZHUYUANZHANGSHIQI。YINQIWEILIUBANFENGHE,QU"LIUHE",JITIANDISIFANG"TONGYI"ZHIYI,GUSHENGXINGQILAI。MANZURUGUANYIHOU,SHOUHANZUWENHUAYINGXIANG,YEQUQI"LIUHETONGYI"ZHIYI,KAISHIDAIYONGCIMAO,ERQIEPOWEILIUXING。 ZAICHANGPAOZHIWAI,NANZIHUANYAOTAOCHUANMAGUA,MAGUAYOUCHANGXIU(DUIJIN、ZHAIXIU、SHENLVECHANG)、DUANXIU(XIUCHANGJIZHOU,SHENCHANGJIQI,YOUDAJIN、DUIJIN、PIPAJINSANZHONG)ZHIFEN。LINGWAI“BATULU”SHINANZITEYOUDEKANJIAN,YECHENG“YIZIJIN”HUO“YONGSHIKANJIAN”,FENQIANHOUSHENLIANGPIAN,LIANGJIANJIQIANXIONGDOUZHUANGYOUPAIKOU,LIANGCEYEXIAZHIXIABAIYEYOUPAIKOU,YINCIKEGEPAOCHUANTUO,“BATULU”YIWEIYONGSHI,XUDUOBAQIZIDICHUANZAICHANGPAOWAI,YISHIQIYONGWU。

金樽棋牌MANZUFUNVDEFASHIBIANHUAHENDA,GUNIANGSHIDAI,ZHIJIANDANDIBATOUFAZAINAOHOUWANYIXIA。CHANGDAOKUAICHUJIASHI,JIUYAOBATOUFASHUCHENGBIANZIBINGWANCHENGDANFAJI,JIEHUNHOUDEFASHIYOUSHUANGJISHI、DANJISHIDENGDUOZHONG,SHUANGJISHIFAXINGBATOUFACONGTOUDINGFENSHUWEIQIANHOULIANGBUFEN。QIANJISHUCHENGPINGDINGZHUANG,YIBIANDAIGUAN,JINGHOUJISHUCHENGYANWEIZHUANG,ZAIJINGHOUSHENZHANKAILAI,SHIDEJINGZIZONGYAOBAOCHITINGZHIDEZHUANGTAI,YINCI,MANZUNVZIZOUQILULAIJIUGENGXIANDEGAOGUI、ZUNYAN。

QIPAOSHIMANZUNANNVLAOSHAOYINIANSIJIDOUCHUANZHUDEFUSHI,TACAIJIANJIANDAN,YUANLING,QIANHOUJINKUANDA,ERXIUZIJIAOZHAI,SIPIANCAIZHI,YICHAJIAOCHANG,BIANYUSHANGMAXIAMA;ZHAIZHAIDEXIUZI,BIANYUSHEJIAN。YOUYUXIUZIKOUFUYOUMATIZHUANGDEHUXIU,YOUCHENGMATIXIU。ZAIMANZURENZHUJIANTUOLIQISHESHENGYAHOU,MATIXIUYICHENGZHUANGSHI,ERFANGXIAMATIXIURENGRANSHIMANZURENDUICHANGZHE、ZUNZHEZHIJINGDELIYI。FUNVQIPAODEZHUANGSHIXINGBINANXINGQIPAOGENGQIANG。LINGZI、QIANJINHEXIUKOUDOUYOUXIUHUAZHUANGSHI。SUIZHUSHIDAIDEBIANQIAN,QIPAOSHIYANGDEBIANHUAYEHENDA,SIPIANCAIZHIYEGAIWEILIANGPIANCAIZHI。QIPAONENGHENHAOBIAOXIANFUNVDESHENDUANHEQUXIAN。MANZUFUNVDE"QIXIE"JIFUTESE。ZHEZHONGXIUHUADEQIXIEYIMUWEIDI,SHICHENG"GAODIXIE",HUOCHENG"HUAPENDI"XIE、"MATIDI"XIE。QIMUDIGAOGENYIBANGAO5-10LIMIZUOYOU,YOUDEKEDA14-16LIMI,ZUIGAODEKEDA25LIMIZUOYOU。YIBANYONGBAIBUBAOGUO,RANHOUXIANGZAIXIEDIZHONGJIANJIAOXINDEBUWEI。GENDIDEXINGZHUANGTONGCHANGYOULIANGZHONG,YIZHONGSHANGCHANGXIALIAN,CHENGDAOTIXINGHUAPENZHUANG。LINGYIZHONGSHISHANGXIXIAKUAN、QIANPINGHOUYUAN,QIWAIXINGJILUODIYINHENJIESIMATI。"HUAPENDI"HE"MATIDI"YINCIERDEMING,YOUTONGCHENG"GAODIXIE"。CHUXIEBANGSHANGSHIYICHANDIEDENGCIXIUWENYANGHUOZHUANGSHIPIANWAI,MUGENBUZHUDIDEBUFENYECHANGYONGCIXIUHUOCHUANZHUJIAYIZHUANGSHI。YOUDEXIEJIANCHUHUANSHIYOUSIXIANBIANCHENGDESUIZI,CHANGKEJIDI。ZHEZHONGXIEDEGAOGENMUDIJIWEIJIANGU,CHANGCHANGSHIXIEMIANPOLE,ERXIEDIRENGWANHAOWUSUN,HUANKEZAIYONG。GAODIQIXIEDUOWEISHISANSISUIYISHANGDEGUIZUZHONGQINGNIANNVZICHUANZHU。LAONIANFUNVDEQIXIE,DUOYIPINGMUWEIDI,CHENG"PINGDIXIE",QIQIANDUANZHUDICHUSHAOXUE,YIBIANXINGZOU。

MANZUGUOQUYINIANSIJIDOUCHUANPAOFU,PAOFUZHONGZUIJUYOUTESEDESHIQIPAO。MANZUFUNVDEQIPAOZUICHUSHICHANGMAJIAXING,HOUWEIYANBIANCHENGKUANYAOZHITONGSHI,CHANGZHIJIAOMIAN。LING、JIN、XIUDEBIANYUANXIANGSHANGKUANBIANZUOWEIZHUANGSHI。KANJIANSHIMANZUFUSHIDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,QIZHIZUOJINGZHI,BUJINXIANGSHANGGESEHUABIAN,ERQIEXIUYOUHUAHUITUAN。TOUSHISHIMANZUFUSHIDETUCHUTEDIAN。GUOQUNANZILIUCHANGFA、JIEBIAN。ERFUNVDEFAXINGZEFUYUBIANHUA,BUJINLIUFA、JIEBIAN,HUANWANHUOJIDENG。MANZUBASHENYISEKANZUOFUSE,BEIJIACHONGAI。LINGWAIHUANCHONGSHANGBAISE,CHANGYONGZUOXIANGBIANDESHIWU。MANZUFUNVSHANCHANGCIXIU,FUSHIDEYIJIN、XIEXU、HEBAOJIZHENTOUSHANG,DAOCHUDOUKEKANDAOLONGFENG、HELU、HUACAODENGJIXIANGTUAN。

范文九:滿族女子服飾

金樽棋牌FUSHISHISHEHUIFAZHANDECHANWU,ZAISHEHUIYANBIANDEGUOCHENGZHONG,RENDEZHUZHUANGSHIGENJUSHEHUIXINGTAI、WEN

HUABEIJING、JINGJIHUANJINGYIJISHENGHUOFANGSHIDEBIANGEERBUDUANDEJINXINGCHUANCHENGHECHUANGXINDE。

金樽棋牌QINGDAISHIZHONGGUOGUDAIFUSHIWENHUAFAZHANDEFANRONGSHIQI,SHIFUSHILISHISHANGJI“HUFUQISHE”、“KAIFANGTANGZHUANG”ZHIHOUDEDISANCIMINGXIANDETUBIAN。WULUNKUANSHIPINZHONG、YIZHUTEDIANDOUDUIHOUSHIYOUZHUSHENYUANDEYINGXIANG,QINGDAIFUSHIWENHUAFANYINGLEGEMINZUWENHUADEXIANGHUSHENTOUHERONGHE。

金樽棋牌NVXINGFUSHIZAIFUSHIDEFAZHANYANBIANZHONGBANYANLEZHONGYAOJIAOSE。AIMEIDETIANXINGSHIFUNVDUIMEIHAOSHIWUYOUMINRUIDEBUZHUONENGLI,CHUANGZAOCHUJUEMEIDEFUSHIYISHU。DANTONGSHI,NVXINGDEFUSHIYESHOUDAOFENGJIANLIJIAO、LUNLIDAODEGUANNIANYIJIMINZUFENGSUDENGZHUDUOYINSUDEYINGXIANGYUZHIYUE。YINCI,TONGGUODUINVXINGFUSHIWENHUADEJIEDUYOULIYUWOMENLEJIELISHI,GENGHAODECHUANCHENGZHONGGUOWENHUA。

CHAOFU LIFU CHANGFU

SHAN、AOYANXIMINGDAIDEKUANSHIYIBANYIYUANLING、

LUO、CHOUDENG,YEYOUJIAZHILARANDEHUABIAN。YANSEDUOWEITIANQING、HULAN、FENBAI、HONGSE。ZAIZAOXINGJIEGOUSHANG,QIANHOUYESHIYOUBIANHUADE,ZHUYAOTIXIANZAIXIUGUANDEDAXIAOJIQISHIBIANDEZENGJIAHEKUODASHANG。

XIAO,XIUKUAN1CHIZUOYOU,SHIBIANZHIJUXIANYUJINBIANJIXIUKOUCHU;JIAQINGNIANJIANBIANSHIBIANDUOBIANKUAN;ZHIXIANFENG、TONGZHISHIQI,JINGDOUFUNVYIBIANSHIYUEDUOWEIYUESHIMAO;

YIYECHANGLUZAIWAI,ERYILINGQUEGAOZHI

金樽棋牌QIPAO MANYUJIAO“YIJIE” TAYUANSHIYIZHONGBUFENSHANGYIXIASHANGDECHANGPAO,

CHENG,RENHEBUWEIJUNBUZHONGDIE,TADEKUANSHISHIYUANLING,NIANJIN(DAJIN)

金樽棋牌ZHAIXIU(YOUDEDAIJIANXIU)。ZHEZHONGYIZHUBIANYUSHANGXIAZUOQI,MASHANGDONGZUO,SHIYINGQISHEDESHENGHUOXISU。ERQIZUORENHESHUYAO,BUJINJINSHENBAONUAN,LIYUMASHANGHUODONG。ERQIESHIRENZIRANTITAIDEDAOZHANXIAN。TONGSHI,XINGLIESHI,KEJIANGGANLIANG,YONGJUZHUANGJINQIANJIN,JUYOUHENQIANGDESHIYONGXING。CIZHONGCHANGPAOSHANGXIALIANTI,YIJIANKEDINGHANZUDEYI、QUN、KUDENGDUOZHONGFUZHUANGCHUANYONG,DANZHIZUOQILAISHENGGONGSHENGLIAO,JINGJIBIANLI,CHUANZAISHENSHANG,MEIGUANDAFANG,NENGGOUZHANXIANNVXINGQINGYINGXIUMEIDEZIRANTITAI。YOUGENJUQIHOUBIANHUA,CIPAOKEZUOCHENGDAN、JIA、MIAN、PIDENGDUOZHONGYANGSHI,BINGQIEKECHANGKEDUAN,YIGONGSIJICHUANYONG,YINCISHENSHOUMANZUFUNVDEXIAI。

PIFENG FUNVLIFUWAITAO

JIANXIUYOUCHENG“MATIXIU”,SHIMANZUTEYOUDEFUZHUANGXIUTOUYANGSHI。MANZUFUZHUANGYIPAOGUAWEIZHU,JIANXIUZUICHUSHIWEIDONGJIXINGLIESHIBAOHUSHOUBEIERZUO。

金樽棋牌ZHUANGPOSIMATI,XIUKOUXIAZHAI,

SHEJIANHOUSUISHIFANGXIA,GAIZHUSHOUBEIYIYUHAN。

KECHUANYONG。ANMANZHOUXISU,JIANXIUPINGSHIXIANGSHANGFANQI,XINGLIQIANFANGXIA,YISHIGONGJING。YOUYOUHUODONGDEJIANXIU,DANGYICHANGFUYONGZUOLIFUSHI,YAOYUCHANGFUXIUKOUZHUISHANGLINGZHIDEJIANXIU,SUCHENG

FU。

“DAWANXIU” ,BAHUAWENXIUZAIXIULI,WANCHULAIGENGXIANDEMEIGUAN。MANZUFUNVSUOCHUANQIPAO,CONGYANGSHIDAOZUOGONGDOUSHIFENJIANGJIU。ZAIQIPAOLINGKOU、YIJIN、XIUBIANDENGCHUXIANGQIANJIDAOHUATIAOHUOCAIYAER,YOUDEHUANYAOXIANGSHANGCAISUANSHIMEI。

XIANHE JINJI MANG ANCHUN KONGQUE

CHANGPAODUANGUA

金樽棋牌JINTOUTIANZU YOURENWEIZHU,QIZHILIAOGEYOUBUTONG。AODUOYONGJIN、DUAN,SHUNZHIYIHOUXIUGUANBIMINGDAIDELVEERZHIGUANGXUXUANTONGSHIQI,YIXIUJINGYOUDUANYOUXIXIAO,SHENZHIDUANDELIANCHEN2CUNYISHANG。 PAOCHENGZHITONGZHUANG,YOUYIZHENGKUAIYILIAOJIANCAIER,ZUOREN,SIMIANKAIXI,SHUYAO,YOUKOUBAN, MANZUDEPAOGUACHANGZAIXIUKOUCHUJIAYIJIEBANYUANXINGDEXIUTOU,YIBIANZAIQISHESHIJINENGDAKAILUCHUSHUANGSHOUYILILAGONGFANGJIAN,YOUKEYUHOULAI,JIANXIUYOUCHENGWEIMANZULIFUDEXIUTOU,NANZIYUBAQIFUNVJIE“LONGTUNKOU”。YONGBIJIANGJIANXIUCHAIXIA,RENGWEICHANG BAOZI QI18DAOYIBIANSHANZEYISHA、WEIBIMIANSHOUBEIDONGSHANG,SHANGCHANGXIADUAN, QILIN

QIXIE

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金樽棋牌MANZUFUNVYIBANBUDAIMAO,QIUDONGHUIDAIYIZHONGJIAOKUNQIUDEMAOZI YIZHONGMAOYANSHANGYANG,MAODINGDUOYONGHONGLANZIHUOJIANGSEDUANZIZUOMIAN,DINGSHANGGAIHUAYONGCIXIUHUOJINYINWEISHI,ZAIDINGSHANGLIANGTIAOERCHIDUOCHANG,SHANGZHAIXIAKUANDEPIAODAI。YOUDEPIAODAIDERUIJIAOJIANSHANGDINGYOUGESESIXIANZUOWEIZHUANGSHI。

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金樽棋牌ZUOWEIMANZUFUNVDEDAIBIAOXINGFASHI,LIANGBATOUJINGLILECONGJIANDANDAOFANFUDEGUOCHENG。ZUICHUDELIANGBATOUSHUTOUCHENGXUSHIXIANJIANGTOUFASHUYUTOUDING,RANHOUJIANGFASHUFENWEILIANGLIU,XIANGLIANGPANGHENGZHALIANGGEPINGJI,GEHENGCHUYICHIXU;YEYOUJIANGHOUMIANYUFAWANCHENGYANWEISHIBIANJI,WEIDUANYAZHUHOUBOZIZHIZHIYILINGBU。YOUYULIANGJIXIECHUIXIANGXIA,LEISIRUYIDEXINGZHI,GUMING。YIHOUYOUZHUJIANYANBIANCHENGWEIPINGHENGZAITOUDINGHOUBUDEYIZITOU。ZAIZHEYIGUOCHENGZHONG,YAOSHIYUANLAIXIEXIANGZUOYOUDELIANGJIBIMIANGUODUXIECHUI,BIANWEIZUOYOUPINGZHIDEYIZIXING,JIUXUJIEZHUWAILI,YUSHIJIAZITOUBIANYINGYUNERSHENG。

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金樽棋牌NVXINGTOUSHANGYOUDIANHUA GEZHONGYONGJIN、YIN、YU、BEIDENGZUOCHENGDEHUADUOZHUANGZHUANGSHIPINZAN、CHAI、BUYAO、TOUHUADENGPINZHONGFANDUODESHIPIN ZHUANGSHIXIANGJIANDESHILINGYUE DAIZAIXIONGQIANDEYOUCAIJINDUI SHOUZHUOGENGSHIGONGYIJINGQIAO HUANYOUWENSHIHUAMEIDEJIEZHI、BANZHI、HUZHI JINGQIAODEHEBAOXIANGNANG

金樽棋牌WEIJIN CHUANCHENYIHECHANGYISHI,ZAIBOJINGSHANGXIYITIAOKUANYUE2CUN,CHANGYUESANCHIDESIDAI,CONGBOZIHOUMIANDEYIDUANDAZAIXIONGQIAN,ZUOMIANDEYIDUANYANRUYIFUNIANJINZHINEI。YIBANXIUYOUHUAWEN,YUYIFUXIANGPEITAO。

YI、DILIHUANJING

金樽棋牌WOGUODONGBEIDIQUSHIMANZUDEFAXIANGDI。DONGBEIDIQUSHUDALUXINGQIHOU,DONGJIMANCHANGERYANHAN,XIAJIYANREERCHAOSHI, ZAIGUDAIGENGSHICONGSHIYULIESHENGJIDEHAODIFANGZAIYANHANDEQIHOUTIAOJIANXIASHENGHUO

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ER、JINGJISHENGHUO

金樽棋牌MANZUXIANSHIJIUJUDONGBEISHANQU,CHANGQICONGSHISHOULIE、CAIJIHEBUYUSHENGJI。NINGGUTADEMANZUZAI“GENGZUOZHIYU,YOUHAOSHELIE”;JILINDEMANZU“NIANYOUJIQISHEDIANYU

DEMANZU“QINYUQISHE、YILIE,JIANXILIRANG,WUNONGDUNBEN”。ZHEXIEQINGKUANGDOUSHUOMINGMANZUZAIZHUANXIANGNONGGENGZHIHOU,RENGRANBAOLIUYOUZAOQICONGSHIYULIESHENGJISHIDEYISU。

SHOULIE。ZHENJUNZAI《TIANZHIOUWEN》JUANYISHANGSHUO:“ZIKAIGUOZHIQIAN、JIA

QIN,SHIYIXIWUYE。”JIUQIYUANYIN,CHUJUNSHIHEYULEDEXUYAOZHIWAI

MINZUWENHUAQINGJIE。

金樽棋牌CONGMANZUFUSHISHANGYEKEYIZUOZHENGMANZUCENGJINGLIGUOYULIEJINGJIJIEDUAN。WEILEBIANYUQISHESHOULIEMANZUFUSHIZHONGDEMATIXIU,CHUBAOHUSHOUBEIWENNUANZHIWAI,YOUBIANYUSHEJIANDEGONGNENG。MAGUA

PAO

金樽棋牌SAN、SHEHUIJIAOSE FUSHIDUIMEIGEJUTIDEZHUZHUANGZHELAISHUO

金樽棋牌YIYI。YOUTAKEYIKANCHUYIGERENDEMINZUCHENGFEN、NANNVXINGBIE、ZHENGZHIDIWEI、HUNYINZHUANGKUANG、NIANLINGCENGCI、PINFUCHABIE、SHEHUIZHIYE、SHENMEIQINGQU,SHENZHIWENHUASHUIPINGHETIANFENGAODIDENG

金樽棋牌QIPAOSHIMANZUFUZHUANGZHONGZUIJUSHENGMINGLIDEPINZHONG。MANZURUGUANHOU,WEIGONGGUQITONGZHI,CENGZAIGUANGDADEHANZUDIQUQIANGXINGTUIXINGQIFUZHUANG、FASHIDENG。DANXINHAIGEMING(1911NIAN)HOU,SUIZHUQINGZHENGQUANDEKUATAI,MANZUDEFUSHIXISUDABUFENBEIZHUJIANTAOTAI,ERQIPAOQUEYIQIZHONGZHONGYOUDIAN,BEIRENMENCHANGQICHUANYONG,ZHIJINBUJUE。

XINHAIGEMINGHOU,QIPAODEYANGSHIYOUFEIBIANSHOU,BINGYOUCHANG、DUANXIUZHIFEN。JINGGUOBUDUANGAIJIN,YIBANYANGSHIWEI:ZHILING,ZHAIXIU,YOUKAIDAJIN,DINGKOUBAN,JINYAOSHEN,YICHANGZHIXIXIA,LIANGCEKAICHA。

BENTUWEIERSHINIANDAICHUQIDEYANGSHI,CONGWENYANGCIXIUSHANG,BIQIANYISHIQIYAOJIANLVE,

金樽棋牌(JINDAI)QIPAO XINHAIGEMINGYIHOU,NVZHUANGZAIZHEYISHIQISHANGYIXIAQUNZUIWEILIUXING,SHANGYIYOUSHAN、AO、BEIXIN、,YANGSHIYOUDUIJIN、PIPAJIN、YIZIJIN、DAJIN、ZHIJIN、XIEJINDENGBIANHUA,LING、XIU、JIN、BAIDUOXIANG,RENMENDUIFUSHIDEDIYIGEYAOQIUSHIBAO MATIXIU HUAPENDIXIE ,ZHUANGZHEJIANSHIGENGMU”,GONGTINGGENGZHUZHONGQISHE,TIANSHOUGAIWEIZHONGDIAN,HUANYOUBUWANGXIANBEIHEGUTUDE SIKAICHACHANG,YOUBIAOSHISHEHUIJIAOSEDEPUBIAN YISHENYELVEDUANYIXIE。(CHUANSHISHIWU) ;HEILONGJIANGBUJINMINJIANRUCI,FEIYIZONG,

GUNHUABIANHUOCIXIUWENYANG,YIBAIYOUFANGYOUYUAN、KUANSHOUCHANGDUANDEBIANHUAYEJIAODUO。ERSHINIANDAI,QIPAOKAISHIPUJI。QIYANGSHIYUQINGMOQIZHUANGMEIYOUDUOSHAOCHABIE。DANBUJIU,XIUKOUZHUJIANSUOXIAO,GUNBIANYEBURUCONGQIANNEIYANGKUANKUO。ZHIERSHINIANDAIMO,YINSHOUOUMEIFUZHUANGDEYINGXIANG,QIPAODEYANGSHIYEYOULEMINGXIANDEGAIBIAN,RUYOUDESUODUANCHANGDU、YOUDESHOUJINYAOSHENDENGDENG。DAOLESANSHINIANDAICHU,QIPAOYIJINGSHENGXING。DANGSHIDEYANGSHIBIANHUAZHUYAOJIZHONGZAILING、XIUJICHANGDUDENGFANGMIAN。XIANLIUXINGGAOLING,LINGZIYUEGAOYUESHIMAO,JISHIZAISHENGXIA,BORUCHANYIDEQIPAOYEBIPEISHANGGAOSONGJIERDEYINGLING。JIANERYOULIUXINGDILING,LINGZIYUEDIYUE“MODENG”,DANGDIDAOSHIZAIWUFAZAIDIDESHIHOU,GANCUIJIUCHUANQIMEIYOULINGZIDEQIPAO。XIUZIDEBIANHUAYESHIRUCI,SHIERLIUXINGCHANGDE,CHANGGUOSHOUWAN ;SHIERLIUXINGDUANDE,DUANZHILUZHOU。

金樽棋牌BENTUWEIYINXIUYUNLONGWENGAOLINGZHONGXIUQIPAO,WEIERSHINIANDAIZHONGQIDEYANGSHI。(CHUANSHISHIWU)

BENTUWEICAIXIUQUJINDILINGQIPAO,WEIERSHINIANDAIMOQIDEYANGSHI。(CHUANSHISHIWU)

ZUOTUWEIDIANJIANSHUANGJINJUANHUAZHUANGXIUQIPAO,SHISANSHINIANDAICHUQIDEYANGSHI。ZHONGTUWEIWUXIUJINSHENQIANKAICHAQIPAO,SHISANSHINIANDAIZHONGQIDEYANGSHI。YOUTUWEIZHIJINDUANWUXIUSHUANGJINQIPAO,SHISANSHINIANDAIMO、SISHINIANDAICHUQIDEYANGSHI。(CHUANSHISHIWU)

金樽棋牌ZUO1WEIQINGMOMINCHUQIZHUANG。ZUO2WEICHUANYAXINGHUABIANCHANGXIUQIPAODEFUNV。ZUO3WEICHUANHUADUANZHONGXIUQIPAODEFUNV。YOUTU

WEICHUANFANGGEWENZHONGXIUQIPAODEFUNV。

ZUO1WEICHUANHUADUANDUANXIUQIPAODEFUNV。ZUO2WEICHUANSUSEDUANXIUQIPAODEFUNV。ZUO3WEICHUANGAOLINGDUANXIUXIEGEWENQIPAODE

金樽棋牌FUNV。YOUTUWEICHUANDUANXIUCHANGQIPAODEFUNV。(CHUANSHIZHAOPIAN)

ZUOTUWEICHUANSHUANGJINWUXIUKAICHASHIQIPAODEFUNV。ZHONGTUWEICHUANHENGTIAOJINDUANWUXIUQIPAODEFUNV。YOUTUWEICHUANGAILIANG

QIPAODEFUNV。(CHUANSHIZHAOPIAN)

ZUO1TUWEICHUANKAICHALINGQIPAODEFUNV、ZUO2TUWEICHUANHEXIEXIUQIPAODEFUNV、ZUO3TUWEICHUANBEIDAISHILIANYIQUNDEFUNV、

YOUTUWEICHUANPIJIANSHIQIPAODEFUNV。

BAINIANQIPAOZHISUOYILIJIUMIXIN,SHIZAIQIJIBENTEZHENGSHANGBUDUANROUHESHISHANGYUANSUHESHIDAIGUANNIANGAILIANGKUANSHIDEJIEGUO。NAIZHIYUOUSHIWANLIFUDEBUFENYANGSHIJIAJIE,SHIZHEYICHUANTONGFUZHUANGBUJINNENGCHUANCHUZHONGGUODESHANSHUIYUNLV,HUANYANGYIZHUKAIFANGKAILANGDENONGYUQIXI。

范文十:滿族服飾特色

MANZUFUSHITESE

MANZUFUNVBUCHANJIAO,SUOZHUXIEZIXIUYOUPIAOLIANGHUASHI,XIEDIZHONGYANGDIANYOU10GONGFENGAODEMUZHIXIEGEN,MANZUFUNVCHUANZHUZHEYANGDEXIEZOUQILULAI,KEBAOCHIANGSHOUTINGXIONGDESHENZIHEYAOZHIYAOYEDEBUTAI。MANZUFUNVDEFASHIBIANHUAHENDA,GUNIANGSHIDAI,ZHIJIANDANDIBATOUFAZAINAOHOUWANYIXIA。CHANGDAOKUAICHUJIASHI,JIUYAOBATOUFASHUCHENGBIANZIBINGWANCHENGDANFAJI,JIEHUNHOUDEFASHIYOUSHUANGJISHI、DANJISHIDENGDUOZHONG,SHUANGJISHIFAXINGBATOUFACONGTOUDINGFENSHUWEIQIANHOULIANGBUFEN。QIANJISHUCHENGPINGDINGZHUANG,YIBIANDAIGUAN,JINGHOUJISHUCHENGYANWEIZHUANG,ZAIJINGHOUSHENZHANKAILAI,TASHIDEJINGZIZONGYAOBAOCHITINGZHIDEZHUANGTAI,YINCI,MANZUFUNVZOUQILULAIJIUGENGXIANDEGAOGUI、ZUNYAN。TUWEIYIWEIMANZUXINNIANGZHENGZAISHULITADEJIEHUNFASHI。

LISHISHANGMANZUNANZIDUOCHUANDAIMATIXIUDEPAOGUA,YAOSHUYIDAI,HUOCHUANCHANGPAOWAIZHAODUIJINMAGUA,XIAJITOUDAILIANGMAO,DONGJIDAIPIZHIMAHUMAO。YIFUXIYONGQING、LAN、ZONGDENGSEDEMIAN、SI、CHOU、DUANDENGGEZHONGZHIDIDEYILIAOZHIZUO,KUTUIZHAQINGSETUIDAI,JIAOCHUANMIANBUXUEHUOPIXUE,DONGJICHUANPIZHIWULA。DINGSHANGLIUBIANZI,TIQUZHOUWEIDETOUFA。

NVZIXICHUANCHANGJIJIAOMIANDEQIPAO,HUOWAIZHAOKANJIAN。FUZHUANGXIYONGGEZHONGSECAIHETUANDESICHOU、HUADUAN、LUOSHAHUOMIANMAYILIAOZHICHENG。YOUDEJIANGQIPAOMIANSHANGXIUCHENGYIZUTUAN,GENGDUOZAIYIJIN、XIUKOU、LINGKOU、XIABAICHUXIANGSHANGDUOCENGJINGXIDEHUABIAN。JIAOZHUBAIWA,CHUANHUAPENDIXIUHUAXIE,KUTUIZHAQING、HONG、FENHONGDENGGESETUIDAI。PANTOUCHI,SHULIANGBATOUHUOQIJI。XIDAIERHUAN、SHOUZHUO、JIEZHI、TOUZAN、DARONGHUAHEBINHUADENGGEZHONGZHUANGSHIPIN。

MANZUNANNVDOUXIAIZAIYAOJIANHUOYIFUDEDAJINSHANGGUAPEISHI。NANZIYOUHUOLIAN、ERSHAO、YAQIAN、YANJINGHE、SHANDAI。NVZIYOUXIANGNANG、HEBAODENG。DADUOYONGCHOUDUANFENGZHI,HUASEPINZHONGFANDUO,ZHIZUOJINGMEI。RUGUANYIHOU,MANZUQIPAOYIZAIZHONGGUOFUNVZHONGTONGYONG。

MANZUFUSHIXINGSHI

MAOSHI:MANZUNVRENWUMAO,NANRENYOUMAO,FENLIMAO、BIANMAO、FENGMAO、ZHANMAO、KUNQIUMAO(NVZIDONGJIYUHAN);

金樽棋牌FUSHI:ZHUYAOYOUSIZHONGXINGSHI:QIPAO(JICHANGPAO)、MAGUA、KANJIAN、TAOKU。QIPAOBUFENJIJIE,NANNVJUNKEYICHUAN。MAGUAZEWEIYOUSHENFENDIWEIDEFUYUNANRENZAICHUNQIU、DONGJISHICHUANZHU。KANJIANSHINVRENDEWAITAOYI。TAOKUSHIWUKUYAODEMIANKUTONG,YILIANGTIAOBEIDAIGUDING,DUOWEILAONIANFUNVLENGTIANDECHUANZHU。MANZURENCHUANCHANGKUYUQITAMINZUBUTONGDESHIBIXUZHAXIDETUIDAI,YIBIANCHUXING。

金樽棋牌XIESHI:NANRENDEXIEWEIBUDINABANG,XIELIANXIANGQIANSHUANGPITIAO。DONGTIANCHUANZHUPIHUONIUPIXUE,NIANMAILAORENDUOSHUCHUANGAOYAOZHANXIE。NVRENCHUANXIEXIAZHAISHANGKUAN、XIELIANJIANDUANTUCHUSHANGCHI、LIANGCELVHUA、XINGSIXIAOCHUANDEMUDIGAOZHUANGXIE。JUTIYOUMATIDIXIE、HUAPENDIXIE、PINGDIXIE、FANGTOUXIE、JIANTOUXIE;

PEISHI:MANZURENPEIDAIDESHIPINFENGUSHI、SHISHI、ZHUSHI、JINYINSHIDENG。XUANDAINAYIZHONGSHOUSHIYAOGENJUDIWEISHENFEN,YIBANSHUOSHOUSHIDEHAOHUAIKEYIKANCHUDIWEIDEGAODI、JIATINGDEPINFU。

MANZUFUSHIFENLEI

QIPAO

金樽棋牌QIPAOSHIMANZUFUNVCHUANTONGFUSHI。QIPAODETEDIANSHILILING,YOUDAJIN,JINYAOSHEN,XIABAIKAICHA。GUQIPAOYOUPIPAJIN、RUYIJIN、XIEJIN、GUNBIANHUOXIANGBIANDENG。ERSHISHIJIERSHINIANDAIHOU,JINGGAIJIN,YAOSHENKUANSONG,XIUKOUKUANDA,CHANGDUSHIZHONG,BIANYUXINGZOU。YICHENGWEIZHONGGUOFUNVJIAOTONGXINGDEFUZHUANG。SANSHINIANDAICHUSHOUXIFANGDUANQUNYINGXIANG,CHANGDUSUODUAN,JIJINXIGAI,XIUKOUSUOXIAO。SANSHINIANDAIZHONGYOUJIACHANG,LIANGBIANKAIGAOCHA,TUCHULEFUNVTIXINGDEQUXIANMEI。SISHINIANDAISUODUAN,CHUXIANDUANXIUHUOWUXIUQIPAO,WAIWEILIUXIANXING。JIHOU,YIPIANQIANHOUFENLI,YOUJIANFENGHEZHUANGXIUSHIQIPAOQUNDENG。QIPAOJUYOUDONGFANGSECAI,NENGCHONGFENXIANSHIYITAIYONGRONGWENYA,BEIRENWEISHIBIAOXIANNVXINGMEIDEDIANXINGMINZUFUZHUANG,CHENGYUSHIJIE。

金樽棋牌NVSHIQIPAOJIBENYUNANSHIXIANGTONG,ZHISHIDUOYIXIEZHUANGSHIERYI。NVSHIQIPAOCHUYESHIZHILISHIDEKUANJINDAXIUCHANGPAOWAI,XIABAIJIXIAOTUI,YOUXIUHUAWENSHI。MANZUFUNVWANGWANGZAIYIJIN、LINGKOU、XIUBIANDENGCHU,XIANGQIANJIDAOHUAWENHUOCAIYAER,SUCHENG“HUADAOER”HUO“GOUYAER”。GENJUJIJIEBIANHUA,HUANKEFENWEIDAN、JIA、MIAN、PIDENGJIZHONG。

SUIZHUSHEHUIDEFAZHAN,NANQIPAOZHUJIANFEIQI,NVQIPAOZEBUDUANYANHUA,YOUKUANYAOZHITONGSHIZHUJIANBIANCHENGLEJINSHENHETIDEQUXIANXING、LIUXIANXING,CHENGWEIDAIBIAOZHONGHUAMINZUDEYIZHONGNVSHIFUZHUANG。

QIPAOSHIMANZUNANNVLAOSHAOYINIANSIJIDOUCHUANZHUDEFUSHI,TACAIJIANJIANDAN,YUANLING,QIANHOUJINKUANDA,ERXIUZIJIAOZHAI,SIPIANCAIZHI,YICHAJIAOCHANG,BIANYUSHANGMAXIAMA;ZHAIZHAIDEXIUZI,BIANYUSHEJIAN。YOUYUXIUZIKOUFUYOUMATIZHUANGDEHUXIU,YOUCHENGMATIXIU。ZAIMANZURENZHUJIANTUOLIQISHESHENGYAHOU,MATIXIUYICHENGZHUANGSHI,ERFANGXIAMATIXIURENGRANSHIMANZURENDUICHANGZHE、ZUNZHEZHIJINGDELIYI。

金樽棋牌FUNVQIPAODEZHUANGSHIXINGBINANXINGQIPAOGENGQIANG。LINGZI、QIANJINHEXIUKOUDOUYOUXIUHUAZHUANGSHI。SUIZHUSHIDAIDEBIANQIAN,QIPAOSHIYANGDEBIANHUAYEHENDA,SIPIANCAIZHIYEGAIWEILIANGPIANCAIZHI。QIPAONENGHENHAOBIAOXIANFUNVDESHENDUANHEQUXIAN。TUWEIMANZUFUNVZAIQIPAOWAITAOCHUANDEMAJIA。XIUYOUJINGZHITUAN。CHUANQIPAOTIAOGONGTINGWUDEMANZUFUNV。CHUANZHUCHUANTONGMANZUQIPAODENANZI,BAOKUODAIJIANXIUDECHANGPAOHEYIXIMAJIA,YIJIMANZUNANXINGDEMAOZI。

QIPAO,MANYUCHENG“YIJIE”.FENWEIDAN,JIA,PI,MIANSIZHONG.ZHEZHONG“YIJIELIANSHANG”(GUDAISHANGWEIYI,XIAWEISHANG)YUHANZUDESHANGYIXIASHANGDELIANGJIEYISHANGYOUMINGXIANQUBIE.TASHIMANZUNANRENXIZHUDEFUSHI,YEJIAODASHAN,CHANGPAO.MANZUNANZICHUANDEQIPAO,QIYANGSHIHEJIEGOUDOUBIJIAOJIANDAN,YUANWEIMANZUQISHESHICHUANYONGDEYUANLING(WULINGHOUXIGUANJIAYIJIALING),DAJIN,ZHAIXIU,SIMIANKAIXI,ZUOREN, DAIKOUBAN,SHUDAI,SHIYUQIMASHELIE.MANZUFUNVCHUANDEQIPAO,YANGSHIMEIGUANDAFANG,JIANGJIUZHUANGSHI,LINGKOU,XIUTOU,YIJINDOUXIUYOUBUTONGYANSEDEHUABIAN,YOUDEDUOZHISHIJIDAO,CHUANQILAIYUNCHENGMIAOTIAO,ENADUOZI.YOUYIZHONGNVSHIQIPAOJIAO“DAWANXIU”,BAHUAWENXIUZAIXIULI,“WAN”CHULAIGENGXIANDEMEIGUAN.MANZUFUNVSUOCHUANQIPAO,CONGYANGSHIDAOZUOGONGDOUSHIFENJIANGJIU.ZAIQIPAOLINGKOU,YIJIN,XIUBIANDENGCHUXIANGQIANJIDAOHUATIAOHUOCAIYAER,YOUDEHUANYAOXIANGSHANG18DAOYIBIANCAISUANSHIMEI.QIPAODEYANGSHIHOULAIFASHENGLEYIXIEBIANHUA,KAIXICONGSIMIANGAICHENGLELIANGMIAN;XIABAIYEYOUKUANDAGAIWEISHOULIAN;XIUKOUYEYOUZHAIBIANFEI,YOUYOUFEIBIANSHOU,SHIQICHUANQILAIGENGJIAHETI.XIANZAICHUANQIPAODEYIBUXIANWUMANZUFUNVLE,TAYICHENGWEIGEMINZUFUNVPUBIANXIAIDEFUZHUANGZHIYI.

NVSHIQIXIE

MANZUDENVSHIQIXIE,CHENGWEI“CUNZIXIE”,YICHENG“MATIDIXIE”。XIEDIZHONGJIANJIJIAOXINBUWEIQIANSHANG3CUNDUOHOUDEMUTOU,YONGXIBAIBUBAOSHANG,MUGENBUZHUDIDEDIFANG,CHANGYONGCIXIUHUOCHUANZHUJIAYIZHUANGSHI,YINXIEDIPINGMIANCHENGMATIXING,SUOYIDEMING;HUANYOUYIZHONGXIEDEDIMIANCHENGHUAPENXINGZHUANG,CHENGWEI“HUAPENDIXIE”;LAONIANFUNVHELAODONGFUNVSUOCHUANQIXIEYIPINGMUWEIDI,CHENGWEIPINGDIXIUHUAXIE,YICHENG“WANGYUNZIXIE”。MANZUDENVXIE,BIAOMIANDOUYOUXIUHUA,ERWAZIDUOWEIBUZHI,WADIYENAYOUHUAWEN。MANZUFUNVGAODIXIE。MANZUFUNVJIETIANZU,JIUSUXICHUANMUZHIGAODIXIE,XIEDIZHONGBUYIMUWEIZHI,QIANPINGHOUYUAN、SHANGXIXIAKUAN,QIWAIXINGJILUODIYINHENJIESIMATI,GUMING。DIGAODASANSICUN,HOUJINGSHIQIFUYOUQIBACUNZHE。MUDISIZHOUBAOGUOBAIBU。XIEMIAN,FUJIADUOYIDUANWEIZHI,PINZHEBUWEIZHI,JIECAIXIUHUAHUITUAN,SUERWUHUAZHE,ZUIWEIJINJI,YIQIJINXIONGFU。GUIZUFUNVCHANGZAIXIEMIANSHANGSHIYIZHUBAOCUIYU,HUOYUXIETOUJIAZHUIYINGLUO。SHAONVZHISHISANSISUISHIYONG。MINGUOYIHOU,YIBUDUOJIAN。

MAGUA

SHIMANZUNANZIQIMASHICHANGCHUANDEYIZHONGGUAZI。MAGUAFENWEIDAJIN、DUIJIN、PIPAJINDENGDUOZHONGXINGSHI。MAGUAHOUCHENGWEIRICHANGZHAOYUPAOZIWAIMIANDEFUZHUANG。GAOLINGDUIJIN,SIMIANKAIXI,CHANGJIYAOBU,XIUZISHAODUAN,PAOXIUKELUCHUSAN、SICUN,JIANGPAOXIUJUANYUGUAXIUSHANGMIAN,JISUOWEIDA、XIAOXIU。XIANZAIXUDUOMANZURENSUOCHUANDEDUIJINXIAOMIANAO,JIUSHICONGMAGUAYANBIANGUOLAIDE。WEILEQIMAFANGBIAN,ZAICHANGPAODEWAIBIANTAOYIZHONGSHENCHANGZHIQI,SIMIANKAIXIDEDUANGUA,YIYUFENGHAN.XIANZAIXUDUOMANZURENSUOCHUANDEDUIJINXIAOMIANAO,JIUSHICONGMAGUAYANBIANGUOLAIDE.

KANJIAN

金樽棋牌KANJIANBINGBUSHIMANZUYUANYOUDEFUZHUANG,SHIYOUHANZUDE“BANBEI”YANBIANLAIDE。KANJIANFENWEIDUIJIN、NIANJIN、YIZIJIN、PIPAJINDENGDUOZHONG。FUNVCHUANDEKANJIANHUANYAOXIUHUALANGBIAN。KANJIANYOUMIANYOUJIA,HUOSIHUOBU,DUOTAOZAIPAOZIWAIMIAN。

DALACHI

QINGDAIMANZUGUIZUFUNVFASHI。SHENGXINGYUGUANGXU、XUANTONGNIANJIAN。QISHI,DINGFASHUCHENGYUANJI,NAOHOUFACHENGYANWEISHI。LINGYIHEIDUAN、RONGHUOSHAZHICHENG“BU”ZIXINGZAOBAN,YUE“TOUBAN”,QIDIBUYITIESIZHICHENGKOUWANZHUANG,WEIZHI“TOUZUO”,KOUYUTOUDINGFAJISHANG,BINGYONGFACHANRAO,SHIZHIGUDING。ZHEZHONG“GAORUPAILOU”ZHIGUDINGZHUANGSHI,YONGSHITAOZAITOUSHANG。TONGCHANGYUTOUBANZHENGZHONGDAICAISEDAJUANHUA,CHENG“TOUZHENG”HUO“DUANZHENGHUA”,BINGJIASHIZHU、CUI、YUZAN、BUYAOHEXIANHUA,HUOYUYOUCEZHUIYICAISECHANGSISUI。ZHEZHONGFASHIYINTOUBANRULIANGCHIZHANGKAIERDEMING。

WULA

DUOWEINONGCUNXIACENGMANZURENMINDONGJICHUANYONGDEYIZHONGPIGEZHIZUODEXIE。YONGNIUPIHUOZHUPIFENGZHI,NEIXUWULACAO,JIQINGBIAN,YOUNUANHE,SHIYUDONGJISHOULIE、PAOBING。TASHIHENYOUTEDIANDEMANZUFUSHIZHIYI,YIZHIZAIDONGBEINONGCUNCHUANYONG。

MANZUFUSHISECAIYUTUAN

金樽棋牌MANZUDEFUSHISECAIDUOYIDANYADEBAISE、LANZISEWEIZHU,HONG、FEN、DANHUANG、HEIDENGSEYESHIQIFUSHIDECHANGYONGSE。BAISEZAIMANZUFUSHIZHONGSHIYIGEZHONGYAODEYANSE,YINWEI,MANZUCHUANTONGSHANGYOUSHANGBAI

DEXISU,YIBAISEWEIJIE、WEIGUI,BAISEXIANGZHENGZHUJIXIANGRUYI,SUOYI,ZAIMANZUFUSHIZHONGCHANGZAIHONGSE、LANSEDENGQITAYANSEDEQIPAOSHANGXIANGBAISEDEHUABIAN。

金樽棋牌MANZUFUNVSHANCHANGCIXIU,TAMENZAIYIJIN、XIEMIAN、HEBAO、ZHENTOUDENGWUPINSHANGCIXIUHUAHUI、FANGCAO、HELU、LONGFENGDENGJIXIANGTUAN。

MANZURUGUANYIHOU,FUSHITUANZHONGYECHANGCHUXIANXUDUOHANZUDEFU、SHOU、WANDENGZIDEJIXIANGFUHAO。SUIRANMANZUDEFUSHIYOUHENQIANGDEMINZUCHUANTONGTESE,DANYESUIQILISHIDEFAZHANZAIBUDUANDEYANBIANZHU,TEBIESHIMANZURUGUANYIHOU,CHANGQIYUHANZUZAJU,ZAIFUZHUANGKUANSHISHANG,FUSHISECAIYUFUSHITUANSHANGDOUYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEYANBIAN。

JINGMEIDUOZIDEMANZUFUSHI

金樽棋牌QINGDAIMANZUJIBENDOUBIANRUBAQI,YOUQIRENZHICHENG,GUZHEZHONGMANZUNANNVLAOSHAOSIJIJIEYIDEFUZHUANGBEIRENMENCHENGWEIQIPAO。SHIYANGFENNANNVLIANGZHONG。QINGCHUNANZIQIPAOWEIYUANLING、DAJIN、JIANXIU(MATIXIU),SIMIANKAICHA,XIKOUPAN,YAOZHONGSHUDAI。SIMIANKAICHASHIWEILEQISHEZIRU,JIANXIUSHIWEISHEJIANFANGBIAN,YOUKEYUHANBAOHUSHOUBEI。DONGJIZAIMIANPAOWAIWANGWANGTAOYIJIANCHANGDAODUQI、SIMIANKAICHA、DUIJINDEDUANGUA,SUCHENGMAGUA(MANYUEDUOHE)。YIYOUWAITAOYIMAJIA(SUCHENGKANJIAN)ZHE。QINGMO。YOUSIKAICHAGAIWEIZUOYOULIANGKAICHA,JIANXIUDUOGAIWEIPINGXIU。NVSHIQIPAOJIBENYUNANPAOTONG,ZHISHIZAILINGKOU、QIANJIN、XIUKOUDENGCHUXIANGSHIHUABIAN,TIANHANSHIZEWAIJIAMAGUAHUOMAJIAYUPAOWAI。MINGUONIANJIAN,NVSHIQIPAODUOGAIWEIXIONGJINKUANSONG、YAOSHENWEIJIN、TUNBUSHAOKUAN、XIABAILVESHOUDESHIYANG,ZHEZHONGTIESHENHETIDEQIPAO,GENGNENGXIANSHICHUFUNVDUANZHUANGDIANYAJISHENDUANZHIMEI。BENSHIJIWUSHINIANDAIMO,NANSHIQIPAOZAIMANZUJUJUQUCAIZHUJIANFEIQI,ERNVSHIQIPAOBUDANMANZUFUNVZHIJINXIAI,ERQIEQITAMINZUFUNVYEDUOCHUANZHU。

MATIXIUSHIQINGDAIMANZUNANNVQIPAOZHIXIUSHI,YICHENGJIANXIU。QINGCHU,MANZUNANZISUOFUQIPAO,XIUKOUJIAOZHAI,XIUDUANDUOJIAYICHANGKELUZHIDEBANYUANXINGSHOUPI(HOUGAIBUZHI),YINQIZHUANGKUSIMATIERMINGZHIMATIXIU。YOUDIANSHIZHENGZHAN、DALIESHISHEJIANFANGBIAN,YUHANBAOHUSHOUBEI。QINGZHONGQIYIHOU,GAIXIUSHIDEFUZHUANGJIANCONGBIANFUZHUANWEILIFU,BIANFUDUOWEIPINGXIU,LIFURENGWEIMATIXIU。PINGSHIDUOJUANQI,ZAIBANGONGSHI、XIQINGJIERI、BAIJIANSHANGSI、KOUJIANCHANGBEISHI,BIXUXIANZUOHOUYOUDIFANGXIAMATIXIU,CAIKEXINGBAIJIANLI。YIYOUJIANGMATIXIUYONGNIUKOUXIYUBIANFUXIUKOUYIWEILIFUZHIYONGZHE。MANZUFUNVLIFUYIDUOWEIMATIXIUSHI。MINGUONIANJIAN,ZHUJIANBUYONG。

金樽棋牌WOLONGDAIYESHIMANZUCHUANTONGFUSHI,YICHENGMAJIA,SHIWEIWUXIUDEMAGUA。YOULING,YICHANGJIFU,DUOWEILIANGCEKAICHA,ZAILING、JINDENGBIANYUANCHUSHIYIGESEHUAWEN。YOUDUIJIN、DAJIN、PIPAJINDENGSHIHEMIAN、PI、JIA、SHAZHIFEN。NEIMENGGUDEMANZUNANZIDUOXIPIPAJINSHIKANJIAN。QISHISHIJIANGYIJINFENGCHENGHUXING,JIJINCONGLINGKOUZHIYOUJIANCHUTIEXIONGERXIA,DANBUDAODI,ERYOUZUOZHUANZHIDUQICHU,YIZHIXIAJINQUEYIXIAOJIE,QISHISHIWEISHANGXIAMAFANGBIANZHIGU。NVSHIKANJIANDUOWEIDUIJINSHI,DUIJINXIADUANDUOWEIRUYITOUSHI,YIYUANDUOXIANGYIYANLIHUABIAN。QINGDAIGAIFUSHIZHAIXIAO,DUOCHUANYUQIPAONEI,QINGMOYILAISHANGKUANDA,DUOTAOYUQIPAOWAI。YINQIMEIGUANSHIYONG,ZHIJINZAIKEERQINYOUYIQIANQIMANZUTUNMANZUXIANGJIKALAQINQISHIJIAMANZUXIANGRENGYOUNIANCHANGZHECHUANZHU。

WULASHIMANZUCHUANTONGDEFANGHANXUEXIEZHIYI。YIZHU、NIU、LUDENGSHOUPIFENGZHIERCHENG。XINGZHUANGWEIQIANJIANHOUYUAN,XIEBANGGUANYILIUGEXIEER,XIEKOUJINJIAOCHUDIANYICHENBU,BINGYONGYIXIPIDAILIANJIEXUEER。XIEJIAOKUANDA,CHUANYONGSHIXUZAIXIEZHONGCHONGDIAN“DONGBEISANBAO”ZHIYIDEWULACAO。YOUYUWULAZHIROULIANGQING,XINGDONG

金樽棋牌ZIRU,JIKEFANGHAN,YOULIYUJUNSHIZHENGZHANJISHOULIESHENGHUO,GUDEYIYANYONGXIALAI,ZHIJINZAINEIMENGGUHULUNBEIERSHIDEYIXIEPIANPISHANCUNHUANKEJIANDAO。

MANZUFUSHIWENHUA

MINGCHAO,NANQIANDAOLIAODONGDIQUDEMANZUREN,TAMENDEFUZHUANGSHIBU、PIJIANYONG。DAIZHINUERHACHILVBUQIBINGHOU,TAMENDEFUSHIZALUANWUZHANG,CHUXIAN“SHANGXIATONGFU”DEXIANXIANG。ZHIDAOHUANGTAIJISHIDAI,GUANFUSHIYOUDINGZHI。RUGUANZHIHOU,CONGHUANGDIDAOBINGDINGZHIYIGUAN,HANSHUGENGHUAN,JIEYOUDINGZHI,BUKEYUYUE。ZHIYUXIANSANQIREN,NANJIEPAOFU,YICHOUDUANHUOBUZHIZUO,WAITAOMAGUA,ZHIDAOXINHAIGEMING,LVYIWEICHANG。MANZUFUNVDEQIPAO,DUOYOUFAZHAN,XIYONGCHOUDUANZHIZUO。ZAIBEIJINGDENGDISHENGXING“SHIBAXIANG”DEZUOFA,JIXIANGSHIBADAOYIBIANCAISUANHAOKAN,YANGSHIYEBIANCHENGKUANPAODAXIU,WEIYOUQINGYIDAIDESHIZHUANG。XINHAIGEMINGHOU,QIPAODEYANGSHIYOUFEIBIANSHOU,BINGYOUCHANG、DUANXIUZHIFEN。JINGGUOBUDUANGAIJIN,YIBANYANGSHIWEI:ZHILING,ZHAIXIU,YOUKAIDAJIN,DINGKOUBAN,JINYAOSHEN,YICHANGZHIXIXIA,LIANGCEKAICHA。

NUERHACHIZAITONGYINVZHENGEBULUO,JIANLIHOUJINZHENGQUAN,TUIXINGBAQIZHIDUYIHOU,MANZURENJUNZAIQI,GUTAMENSUOCHUANDEPAOFUBIANCHENGWEI“QIPAO”。MANZUGUIZURUGUANTONGZHIQUANGUOHOU,QINGTAIZONGHUANGTAIJIRENWEIQINGCHAODIWANGYINGDANGWEICHIBENMINZUDESHENGHUOFANGSHIHECHUANTONGXIGUAN,YOUQISHIWEICHITONGZHIZHEDEMINZUBIAOZHIDEFUSHIZHIDU,YICIZUOWEIGUGUOZHIBEN。YUSHIBIANZHUSHOUZHIDINGHEWANSHANQINGCHAODEYIGUANZHI,BINGSANLINGWUSHEN,BUXUQINWANGDACHENXUEHANRENCHUANBAOYIBODAI、KUANPAODAXIUDENG。YAOQIUZAIGONGTINGLIDESHINVNUPUDOUZHUMANZUFUZHUANG,HANRENCHENGNIANNANZIYIZHUFASHIBIXUZUNCONGMANZUDEXIGUAN,ZHIYOUZAISIHOURULIANBINZANGSHIFANGKEYONGHANRENYIGUAN!!!

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